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A Nucleolar Protein, Nepro, Is Essential for the Maintenance of Early Neural Stem Cells and Preimplantation Embryos

  • Tetsuichiro SaitoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1218)

Abstract

Notch signaling is required for maintaining neural stem cells (NSCs) in the developing brain. NSCs have potential to give rise to many neuronal types in the early telencephalon, and the potential decreases as embryonic development proceeds. Nepro, which encodes a unique nucleolar protein and is activated downstream of Notch, is essential for maintaining NSCs in the early telencephalon. Nepro is also expressed at basal levels and required for maintaining the preimplantation embryo, by repressing mitochondria-associated p53 apoptotic signaling. Notch signaling also controls dendritic complexity in mitral cells, major projection neurons in the olfactory bulb, showing that many steps of neural development involve Notch signaling.

Keywords

Mib1 Maml1 Nepro Hes1 Neural stem cell Radial glia Neuron Dendrite Neocortex Telencephalon Blastocyst Morula 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 18K19369.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Developmental BiologyGraduate School of Medicine, Chiba UniversityChibaJapan

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