The Evolution of Climate Change in Portugal

  • Leonel Jorge Ribeiro NunesEmail author
  • Catarina Isabel Rodrigues Meireles
  • Carlos José Pinto Gomes
  • Nuno Manuel Cabral de Almeida Ribeiro
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science book series (BRIEFSENVIRONMENTAL)


As a phenomenon affecting countries around the entire world, those located in regions with a predominantly Mediterranean climate have continuously suffered the effects of climate change. Portugal, being a country that is located in the area of influence of Mediterranean climate, has also felt these variations, which highlight the periods of drought even during winter. This chapter presents a characterization of the climate in mainland Portugal. Also, noteworthy is the analysis of the evolution of average monthly air temperatures from 2000 to 2017, using the same procedure for precipitation over the same period of time. Thus, it was possible to determine the existence of a trend for the occurrence of climate anomalies, which influence, for example, the increased risk for the occurrence of more rural fires.


Mediterranean climate Climate anomalies Monthly average air temperature Monthly average precipitation 


  1. Crowder SV (1987) A simple method for studying run–length distributions of exponentially weighted moving average charts. Technometrics 29(4):401–407Google Scholar
  2. Giorgi F, Lionello P (2008) Climate change projections for the Mediterranean region. Glob Planet Chang 63(2–3):90–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. IPMA (s.d., 03/09/2018) O Clima em Portugal Continental. Available
  4. Pausas JG (2004) Changes in fire and climate in the eastern Iberian Peninsula (Mediterranean basin). Clim Change 63(3):337–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Peel MC, Finlayson BL, McMahon TA (2007) Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci Dis 4(2):439–473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Pereira JS et al (2006) “Florestas e biodiversidade,” Alterações climáticas em Portugal—cenários, impactos e medidas de adaptação (Projecto SIAM II). Gradiva, Lisbon, pp 301–343Google Scholar
  7. TSF/LUSA (2018) Portugal é o 2.º melhor país europeu na luta contra alterações climáticas. TSF, ed. PortugalGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonel Jorge Ribeiro Nunes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Catarina Isabel Rodrigues Meireles
    • 1
  • Carlos José Pinto Gomes
    • 2
  • Nuno Manuel Cabral de Almeida Ribeiro
    • 3
  1. 1.ICAAM—Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais MediterrânicasUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  2. 2.Departamento de Paisagem Ambiente e Ordenamento and ICAAM—Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais MediterrânicasUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  3. 3.Departamento de Fitotecnia and ICAAM—Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais MediterrânicasUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal

Personalised recommendations