• Leonel Jorge Ribeiro NunesEmail author
  • Catarina Isabel Rodrigues Meireles
  • Carlos José Pinto Gomes
  • Nuno Manuel Cabral de Almeida Ribeiro
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science book series (BRIEFSENVIRONMENTAL)


Climate change is a hot topic and is discussed almost daily, often being the opening of television news, or the cover of generalist newspapers and magazines. This is an issue that has quickly become known to almost all citizens, thus creating unanimity regarding the existence of climate change. However, there are still negationist currents of thought, which present often unscientific arguments with which to argue. This chapter presents an introduction to the subject of climate change, highlighting the increase in CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere.


Climate change CO2 concentration Earth systems Extreme weather events 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonel Jorge Ribeiro Nunes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Catarina Isabel Rodrigues Meireles
    • 1
  • Carlos José Pinto Gomes
    • 2
  • Nuno Manuel Cabral de Almeida Ribeiro
    • 3
  1. 1.ICAAM—Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais MediterrânicasUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  2. 2.Departamento de Paisagem Ambiente e Ordenamento and ICAAM—Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais MediterrânicasUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  3. 3.Departamento de Fitotecnia and ICAAM—Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais MediterrânicasUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal

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