The relationships between atheism and modernity are complex, broad and often contradictory. In Dobrowolski’s exposition of the problem, dialectics is used to give order to a manifold and multilayered material, which is presented in the classic scheme of a triad: thesis, antithesis and synthesis. The assumption, however, is not that dialectics is the objective or ultimate truth of this material. It is only a way of grasping it—and if this way brings about any objective truth, the better for the whole inquiry. This, as a whole, shall proceed under the Hegelian auspices, as Dobrowolski assumes very generally after Hegel that modernity is about emancipation, and also employs some of Hegel’s particular remarks about religion to support his analyses.