Advertisement

Failure of Overhead Line Equipment (OHLE) Structure Under Hurricane

  • Chayut Ngamkhanong
  • Sakdirat KaewunruenEmail author
  • Rui Calçada
  • Rodolfo Martin
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)

Abstract

Presently, in modern railway systems, train or rolling stocks are powered by electricity through the overhead wire or the third rail on ground. Overhead line equipment (OHLE) is the component for the electric train which provides electric power to the train. OHLE is, for one or two tracks, normally supported by cantilever masts. OHLE is one of vulnerable components in railway system due to its slenderness. Note that, as previously recorded, the strong hurricane caused substantial damage over the large area and possibly knocked the train out of the track and cause electricity failures on OHLE. In fact, cantilever mast subjected to wind and hurricane actions may fail due to the incorrect design, material defects, improper support connections and its foundation etc. In this study, a mast structure with varying rotational soil stiffness is used to construct dynamic influential lines for soil-structure integrity prediction. Finite element model updating technique has been used to perform the dynamic responses of OHLE considering soil-structure interaction of OHLE. The scaled hurricanes at various magnitudes are applied to the OHLE. It is interesting that the support condition plays a significant role in the dynamic responses of OHLE under strong hurricanes. The obtained results demonstrate that the strong hurricane can cause a catastrophic damage to the OHLE which is linked to the failure of electric train. The insight will raise the awareness of engineers for better design of cantilever mast structure and its support condition.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are sincerely grateful to the European Commission for the financial sponsorship of the H2020-RISE Project No. 691135 “RISEN: Rail Infrastructure Systems Engineering Network”, which enables a global research network that tackles the grand challenge of railway infrastructure resilience and advanced sensing in extreme environments (www.risen2rail.eu) (Kaewunruen et al. 2016).

References

  1. Beagles, A., Fletcher, D., Peffers, M., Mak, P., Lowe, C.: Validation of a new model for railway overhead line dynamics. Proc. Inst. Civ. Eng. 169, 339–349 (2016)Google Scholar
  2. BSI: BS EN 1991-1-4:2005 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures — Part 1-4: General actions — Wind actions (2005)Google Scholar
  3. BSI: BS EN 1993-3-1Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 3-1: Towers, masts and chimneys – Towers and masts (2006a)Google Scholar
  4. BSI: BS EN 1993-3-2 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 3-2: Towers, masts and chimneys – Chimneys (2006b)Google Scholar
  5. BSI: BS EN 50341-1:2012 Overhead electrical lines exceeding AC 1 kV - Part 1: General requirements - Common specifications (2012)Google Scholar
  6. Federal Emergency Management Agency: Hurricane Glossary of Terms (2004)Google Scholar
  7. G + D Computing: Using Strand7: Introduction to the Strand7 finite element analysis system, Sydney, Australia (2001)Google Scholar
  8. Haiderali, A.E.: Mitigation of ancient coal mining hazards to overhead line equipment structures. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers – Transport (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1680/jtran.18.00143
  9. Kaewunruen, S., Sussman, J.M., Matsumoto, A.: Grand challenges in transportation and transit systems. Front. Buil. Environ. 2(4) (2016)Google Scholar
  10. Kanvinde, A.M., Grilli, D.A., Zareian, F.: Rotational stiffness of exposed column base connections: experiments and analytical models. J. Struct. Eng. 138(5), 549–560 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Krystosik, P.: Influence of supporting joints flexibility on statics and stability of steel frames. Int. J. Steel Struct. 18, 433–442 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Letchford, C.W.: Wind loads on rectangular signboards and hoardings. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerod. 89, 135–151 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Li, Z., Wang, D., Chen, X., Liang, S., Li, J.: Wind load effect of single-column-supported two-plate billboard structures. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. 179, 70–79 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. NEHRP Consultants Joint Venture: Soil-Structure Interaction for Building Structures (National Institute of Standards and Technology) (2012)Google Scholar
  15. Network Rail: How stroms and flooding affect the railway (2017). https://www.networkrail.co.uk/storms-affect-railway-team-orangeprepares/
  16. Ngamkhanong, C., Kaewunruen, S., Baniotopoulos, C., Papaelias, M.: Crossing phenomena in overhead line equipment (OHLE) structure in 3D space considering soil-structure interaction. In: IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, p. 245 (2017a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ngamkhanong, C., Kaewunruen, S., Baniotopoulos, C.: A review on modelling and monitoring of railway ballast. Struct. Monit. Maintenance 4(3), 195–220 (2017b).  https://doi.org/10.12989/smm.2017.4.3.195
  18. Ngamkhanong, C., Kaewunruen, S., Baniotopoulos, C.: Far-Field earthquake responses of overhead line equipment (ohle) structure considering soil-structure interaction. Front. Built Environ. 4(35) (2018a).  https://doi.org/10.3389/fbuil.2018.00035
  19. Ngamkhanong, C., Kaewunruen, S.: The effect of ground borne vibrations from high speed train on overhead line equipment (OHLE) structure considering soil-structure interaction. Sci. Total Environ. 627, 934–941 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ngamkhanong, C., Kaewunruen, S., Costa, B.J.A.: State-of-the-art review of railway track resilience monitoring. Infrastructures 3, 3 (2018b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ngamkhanong, C., Kaewunruen, S., Calçada, R., Martin, R.: Condition monitoring of Overhead Line Equipment (OHLE) structures using ground-bourne vibrations from train passages. In: Rodrigues, H., Elnashai, A. (eds.) Advances and Challenges in Structural Engineering. GeoMEast 2018. Sustainable Civil Infrastructures. Springer, Cham (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-01932-7_2Google Scholar
  22. Prum, S., Jiravacharadet, M.: Effects of soil structure ınteraction on seismic response of buildings. In: International Conference on Advances in Civil Engineering for Sustainable Development (2012)Google Scholar
  23. RailCorp: Design of Overhead Wiring Structures & Signal Gantries. Engineering Manual –Civil (2011)Google Scholar
  24. Ramalingam, R.: Failure analysis of lattice tower like structures. In: IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 80, no. 1, p. 012024 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Robinson, P., Bryan, C.: Network rail electrical power reliability study. Network Rail, Milton Keynes (2009)Google Scholar
  26. Rodas, P.B., Zareian, F., Kanvinde, A.: Rotational stiffness of deeply embedded column-base connections. J. Struct. Eng. 143(8), 04017064 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Shing, A.W.C., Wong, P.P.L.: Wear of pantograph collector strips. Proc. ImechE, J. Rail Rapid Transit. 222(2), 169–176 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tamura, Y., Cao, S.: Climate change and wind-related disaster risk reduction. In: Proceedings of the APCWE-VII, Taipei, Taiwan 2009Google Scholar
  29. Taylor, G.: A bad wire day. The Rail Engineer (2013)Google Scholar
  30. Tropical Cyclone Weather Services Program: Tropical cyclone definitions (PDF). National Weather Service (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chayut Ngamkhanong
    • 1
  • Sakdirat Kaewunruen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rui Calçada
    • 2
  • Rodolfo Martin
    • 3
  1. 1.School of EngineeringUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity de PortoPortoPortugal
  3. 3.Evoleo Technology Pty Ltd.PortoPortugal

Personalised recommendations