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Bio Concrete

  • Hager El-MahdyEmail author
  • Ahmed Tahwia
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)

Abstract

Concrete is the most widely used construction material works in the world, but it dose have a weakness it is prone to catastrophic cracking that has immense financial and environmental impact. Bio concrete is an environment friendly and innovative approach aiming to close the cracks produced in concrete structures. This paper presents the engineering characteristics of two types of bacteria; Sporosarcina pasteurii, and Rhizobium leguminosarum, mixed with concrete with different concentrations. The experimental laboratory testing included compressive strength, split tensile strength, flexural strength, and ultrasonic pulse velocity test, CT-Scanning, SEM test, EDX test, to investigate the bacteria’s effect on the strength of concrete at the ages of 7, and 28 days. In general, it was found that the addition of bacteria proved to have higher strength characteristics by closing the micro pores in concrete and making it denser as compare to the conventional concrete.

Keywords

Bacterial concrete Sporosarcina pasteurii Rhizobium leguminosarum Strength 

References

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    ES 2421/(2005): Egyptian standard specification - Cement-physical and mechanical testsGoogle Scholar
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    ECP 203-(2017): Egyptian code for design and construction of reinforced concrete Structures, Ministry of housing, Utilities and Urban Communities, Cairo, EgyptGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Civil Engineering DepartmentMansoura UniversityMansouraEgypt

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