Advertisement

Evaluation of Dolime Fine Performance in Mitigating the Effects of an Expansive Soil

  • Ahmed Hisham
  • Shehab WissaEmail author
  • Ayman Hasan
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)

Abstract

Expansive soils are classified as problematic soils that expand when in contact with water and shrink after drying out. The soils reactivity with water is due to the presence of clay minerals that react with water such as montmorillonite. Given the geotechnical problems associated with the expansion and shrinkage behavior of expansive soils, it is necessary to treat such soils before constructing on it. Mixing the soils with additives is considered one of the main treatment methods that has been used to reduce the expansion capabilities of these soils rendering them safe to construct on and remain stable. Dolime fine; that is obtained from crushing dolomite stone; has a great potential to be used as an additive to treat expansive soils, the reason for that comes from it being composed of a percent of calcium oxide (CaO) which is known for being a binding agent that can stabilize expansive soils. In the presented experimental study, dolime chips were brought from Erbil city (northern Iraq), while bentonite was brought from Samawa city (southern Iraq), as for natural soil it was brought from the marshes of Basra city (southern Iraq) for investigation. To assess the effectiveness of dolime fine in stabilizing expansive soils, a series of laboratory tests were conducted on an artificial expansive soil; that is composed of 75% bentonite and 25% natural clay; that was mixed with dolime fine passing through sieve No. 40. The series of experimental tests conducted on the dolime fine-expansive soil mixture include unconfined compressive strength tests (UCS); compaction tests; swelling tests; and California bearing ratio tests (CBR). Through the results of these tests, a conclusion can be reached to how much of an effect does the mixing of the dolime fine with an expansive soil have on the expansion ability of the soil under study.

References

  1. Al-Omari, R.R., Hamodi, F.J.: Swelling resistant geogrid—a new approach for the treatment of expansive soils. Geotext. Geomembr. 10(4), 295–317 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ashango, A., Patra, N.: Static and cyclic properties of clay subgrade stabilized with rice husk ash static and cyclic properties of clay subgrade stabilized with rice husk ash. Int. J. Pavement Eng. 10(15), 906–916 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cokca, E.: Use of class c fly ashes for the stabilization of an expansive soil. J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng. 127(7), 568–573 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Golakiya, H.D., Savani, C.D.: Studies on geotechnical properties of black cotton soil stabilized with furnace dust and dolomitic lime. Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol. 2, 810–823 (2015)Google Scholar
  5. Gourley, C.S., Newill, D., Schreiner, H.D.: Expansive soils: TRL’s research strategy. In: Proceedings of 1st International Symposium on Engineering Characteristics of Arid Soils (1993)Google Scholar
  6. Indian Roads Congress (IRC). Recommended practice for lime fly ash stabilized soil base/subbase in pavement construction. Indian Roads Congress, New Delhi (1984)Google Scholar
  7. Jan, U., Sonthwal, V.K., Duggal, A.K., Rattan, E.J.S., Irfan, M.: Soil stabilization using shredded rubber tire. Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol. 2(9), 741–744 (2015)Google Scholar
  8. Kalkan, E., Akbulut, S.: The positive effects of silica fume on the permeability, swelling pressure and compressive strength of natural clay liners. Eng. Geol. 73(1–2), 145–156 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kulkarni, A., Sawant, M., Battul, V., Shindepatil, M., Aavani, P.: Black cotton soil stabilization using bagasse ash and lime. Int. J. Civ. Eng. Technol. 7(6), 460–471 (2016)Google Scholar
  10. Mir, B.A., Sridharan, A.: Physical and compaction behavior of clay soil–fly ash mixtures. Geotech. Geol. Eng. 31(4), 1059–1072 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Moses, G.K., Saminu, A.: Cement kiln dust stabilization of compacted black cotton soil. Electron. J. Geotech. Eng. pp. 825–836, 17 January 2012Google Scholar
  12. Nilson, J., Miller, D.: Expansive Soils: Problems and Practice in Foundation and Pavement Engineering. Wiley, New York (1992)Google Scholar
  13. Ogbonnaya, I., Illoabachie, D.: The potential effect of granite dust on the geotechnical properties of abakaliki clays. Cont. J. Earth Sci. 1(6), 23–30 (2011)Google Scholar
  14. Rao, M.R., Rao, A.S., Babu, R.D.: Efficacy of cement-stabilized fly ash cushion in arresting heave of expansive soils. Geotech. Geol. Eng. 26(2), 189–197 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sabat, A.K.: Statistical models for prediction of swelling pressure of a stabilized expansive soil. Electron. J. Geotech. Eng. G(17), 837–846 (2012)Google Scholar
  16. Sabat, A.K.: Prediction of California bearing ratio of soil stabilized with lime and quarry dust using an artificial neural network. Electron. J. Geotech. Eng. 18, 3261–3272 (2013)Google Scholar
  17. Sabat, A.K., Mohanta, S.: Efficacy of dolime fine stabilized red mud-fly ash mixes as subgrade material. ARPN J. Eng. Appl. Sci. 10, 5918–5923 (2015)Google Scholar
  18. Sabat, A.K., Mohanta, S.: Performance of limestone dust stabilized expansive soil-fly ash mixes as construction material. Int. J. Civ. Eng. Technol. (IJCIET) 7(6), 482–488 (2016)Google Scholar
  19. Sabat, A.K., Mohanta, S.: Unconfined compressive strength of dolime fine stabilized diesel contaminated expansive soil. Int. J. Civ. Eng. Technol. 8(1), 1–8 (2017)Google Scholar
  20. Sabat, A.K., Pati, S.: A review of literature on stabilization of expansive soil using solid wastes. Electron. J. Geotech. Eng. 19(Bund U), 6251–6267 (2014)Google Scholar
  21. Sabat, A.K., Das, S.: Design of low volume rural roads using lime stabilized expansive soil – quarry dust mixes subgrade. Indian Highways 9(23), 21–27 (2009)Google Scholar
  22. Sabat, A.K., Nanda, R.: Effect of marble dust on strength and durability of rice husk ash stabilized expansive soil. Int. J. Civ. Struct. Eng. 4(1), 939–948 (2011)Google Scholar
  23. Sabat, A.K., Nayak, R.: Evaluation of fly ash- calcium carbide residue stabilized expansive soil as a liner material in an engineered landfill. Electron. J. Geotech. Eng. 20(15), 6703–6712 (2015)Google Scholar
  24. Sabat, A.K., Pradhan, A.: Fiber reinforced–fly ash stabilized expansive soil mixes as subgrade material in flexible pavement. Electron. J. Geotech. Eng. 19, 5757–5770 (2014)Google Scholar
  25. Shahu, J.T., Patel, S., Senapati, A.: Engineering properties of copper slag–fly ash–dolime mix and its utilization in the base course of flexible pavements. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 25(12), 1871–1879 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shreyas. K.: Stabilization of black cotton soil by admixtures. Int. J. Adv. Res. Sci. Eng. 6(8) (2017). www.igarse.com

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Soil Mechanics and Foundations Department, Public Works DepartmentCairo UniversityGizaEgypt

Personalised recommendations