Physico-Chemical Analysis of Groundwater in Iglas and Beswan, Aligarh District, Uttar Pradesh, India

  • Harit PriyadarshiEmail author
  • Sarv Priya
  • Shabber Habib Alvi
  • Ashish Jain
  • Sangharsh Rao
  • Rituraj Singh
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


Iglas and Beswan are the towns in Aligarh district in of Uttar Pradesh, India. These are located along Aligarh- Mathura high way at 24 km from Aligarh. These are located at 27°43′ N 77°56′ E. It has an average elevation of 178 m. The town area extends from Karban River (towards Mathura) to old Canal (towards Aligarh). In the present study Groundwater samples were collected from Iglas and Beswan town. The samples were collected without any air bubbles. These bottles were rinsed before collection of water samples which are sealed labelled and transported for Laboratory analysis. The dissolved oxygen was measured in situ.

Results showed that pH level in the study area was 7.10 in Iglas and 7.79 in Beswan. The total alkalinity 476 mg/L in Iglas and 350 mg/L in Beswan. Similarly total hardness was 570 mg/L in Iglas, and 210 mg/L in Beswan. The concentration of calcium was 82.50 mg/L in Iglas, and 120 mg/L in Beswan, Magnesium concentration was 145.50 mg/L in Iglas and 90 mg/L in Beswan. Conversely turbidity 0.31 mg/L in Iglas and 0.84 mg/L in Beswan. The concentration of chloride was 52 mg/L in Iglas and 368 mg/L in Beswan are respectively. Overall, the results showed that groundwater sources in Iglas and Beswan are suitable for drinking, except for high Cl in Iglas. Although, no health based guideline value is suggested for Cl in drinking water. Cl concentrations above 250 mg/L can give rise to detectable taste in water. This study has shown that Groundwater is comparatively suitable for drinking. However, broader studies evaluating Groundwater over wider spatial and temporal scales are recommended, since this analysis was based on few parameters and limited spatial scale.


Physico-chemical parameters Water quality Human consumption 



The authors are thankful to the concerned authorities of construction division of Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam, Aligarh.


  1. Adebo, A.B., Adetiyinbo, A.A.: Sci. Res. Essay 4(4), 314–319 (2009)Google Scholar
  2. Agrawal, A.: Studies on physico-chemical and biological characteristics of river Betwa from Nayapura to Vidisha, Ph.D. thesis (chemistry) BU, Bhopal (1993)Google Scholar
  3. APHA, AWWA, WPCF. Standards methods for examination of water and wastewater, 19th edn., Washington, USA (1995)Google Scholar
  4. Behura, C.K.: A study of physico-chemical characteristics of a highly eutrophic temple tank, Bikaner. J. Aqua. Biol. 13(1–2), 47–51 (1998)Google Scholar
  5. Bureau of Indian Standards, Specification for drinking water. IS: 10500, New Delhi, India (2012)Google Scholar
  6. Chadha, D.K.: A proposed new diagram for geochemical classification of natural waters and interpretation of chemical data. Hydrogeol. J. 7(5), 431–439 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chukwu, G.U.: Water quality assessment of boreholes in Umuahia-South local government area of Abia State, Nigeria. Pac. J. Sci. Technol. 9(2), 592–598 (2008a)Google Scholar
  8. Chukwu, O.: Analysis of groundwater pollution from Abattoir waste in Minna, Nigeria. Res. J. Dairy Sci. 2(4), 74–77 (2008b)Google Scholar
  9. Das, H.B., Kalita, H.: Physico-chemical quality of water, Mizoram. JIWWA 22(2), 203–204 (1990)Google Scholar
  10. Datta, P.S., Tyagi, S.K.: Major Ion chemistry of groundwater Delhi area: chemical weathering processes and groundwater flow regime. J. Geol. Soc. India 47(2), 179–188 (1996)Google Scholar
  11. Regulwar, D.G., Gurav, J.B.: Irrigation planning under uncertainty—a multi objective fuzzy linear programming approach. Water Resour. Manag. 25, 1387–1416 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sinha, D.K., Kumar, N.: Indian J. Env. Prot. 29(11), 997 (2009)Google Scholar
  13. Sinha, D.K., Saxena, S., Saxena, R.: Pollut. Res. 23(3), 527 (2004)Google Scholar
  14. Jain, C.K., Bandyopadhyay, A., Bhadra, A.: Assessment of ground water quality for drinking purpose, District Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. Environ. Monit. Assess. 166(1–4), 663–676 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kataria, H.C., Iqbal, S.A.: Orient. J. Chem. 11(3), 288–289 (1995)Google Scholar
  16. Kaushik, S., Saksena, D.N.: Physico-chemical limnology of certain waterbodies of central India. In: Freshwater Ecosystem of India, pp. 1–58. Daya Publishing House, New Delhi (1999)Google Scholar
  17. Khan, I.A., Khan, A.A.: Physico-chemical conditions in Seikhajheel at Aligarh. Environ. Ecol. 3, 269–274 (1985)Google Scholar
  18. Mishra, M.K., Mishra, N., Pandey, D.N.: An assessment of the physico-chemical characteristics of Bhamkapond, Hanumana, Rewa district, India. Int. J. Innov. Res. S.E.T. 2(5), 1781–1788 (2013)Google Scholar
  19. Oladipo, M.O.A., Ninga, R.L., Baba, A., Mohammed, I.: Adv. Appl. Sci. Res. 2(6), 123–130 (2011)Google Scholar
  20. Pathak, A.: Limnological study on Kaliasot Dam and Chunabhati lake with special reference to zooplankton, Ph.D. thesis. Barkatullah University Bhopal (1990)Google Scholar
  21. Rafiullah, M.K., Milind, J.J., Ustad, I.R.: Physicochemical analysis of Triveni lake water of Amaravati district in [MS] India. Biosci. Discov. 3, 64–66 (2012)Google Scholar
  22. Rajappa, B., Puttaiah, E.T.: Physico-chemical analysis of underground water of Harihara Taluk of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India. Adv. Appl. Sci. Res. 2(5), 143–150 (2011)Google Scholar
  23. Rao, L.A.K., Harit, P.: Hydrogeomorphological studies for ground water prospects using IRS-ID, LISS III Image, in parts of Agra district along the Yamuna river U.P. India. J. Environ. Res. Dev. 3(4), 1204–1210 (2009)Google Scholar
  24. Reza, R., Singh, G.: Physico-chemical analysis of ground water in Angul-Talcher region of Orissa, India. J. Am. Sci. 5(5), 53–58 (2009)Google Scholar
  25. Trivedi, R.K., Goel, P.K.: Chemical and Biological Methods for Water Pollution Studies. Environmental Publications, Karad (1986)Google Scholar
  26. Sharma, R., Capoor, A.: Water quality assessment of lake water of Patna bird sanctuary with special reference to abiotic and biotic factors. World Appl. Sci. J. 10(5), 522–524 (2010)Google Scholar
  27. Shastri, Y., Pandse, D.C.: Hydrobiological study of Dahikhuta reservoir. J. Environ. Biol. 22, 67–70 (2001)Google Scholar
  28. Singh, K.P., Malik, A., Mohan, D., Sinha, S.: Multivariate statistical techniques for the evaluation of spatial and temporal variations in water quality of Gomti River (India) – A case study. Water Res. 38, 3980–3992 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sinha, D.K., Saxena, R.: Statistical assessment of underground drinking water contamination and effect of monsoon at Hasanpur, J. P. Nagar (Uttar Pradesh, India). J. Environ. Sci. Eng. 48(3), 157–164 (2006)Google Scholar
  30. Pradhan, S.K., Patnaik, D., Rout, S.P.: Groundwater quality index for groundwater around a phosphatic fertilizers plan. Indian J. Env. Prot. 21(4), 355–358 (2001)Google Scholar
  31. Zafar, A.R.: Limnology of the Hussainsagar Lake, Hyderabad, India. Phykos 5, 115–126 (1966)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harit Priyadarshi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sarv Priya
    • 2
  • Shabber Habib Alvi
    • 3
  • Ashish Jain
    • 1
  • Sangharsh Rao
    • 4
  • Rituraj Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringMangalayatan UniversityBeswan, AligarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringKIETGhaziabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of GeologyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  4. 4.Remote Sensing Application CenterLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations