Minorities Under Attack in Pakistan

  • Christophe Jaffrelot
Part of the Philosophy and Politics - Critical Explorations book series (PPCE, volume 10)


Religious minorities were bound to be treated as second-class citizens in Pakistan as the country was conceived as the homeland of Muslims from the British Raj and became an Islamic Republic. Hindus, Christians, and others were confined to separate electorates for quite some time and on several occasions. A new minority, the Ahmadis, emerged in 1974 when the 1973 Constitution was amended for defining who a Muslim is. All these groups are victims of discrimination, including ghettoization. They are particularly affected by the anti-blasphemy law.


Separate electorates anti blasphemy law Pakistani Christian Pakistani Hindus Ahmadis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christophe Jaffrelot
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre de Recherches Internationales, Sciences PoParisFrance
  2. 2.Centre National de la Recherche ScientifiqueParisFrance
  3. 3.Indian Politics and SociologyKing’s India Institute, King’s College LondonLondonUK

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