Advertisement

Lifetime Improvement for Hierarchical Routing with Distance and Energy Based Threshold

  • Remika NgangbamEmail author
  • Ashraf Hossain
  • Alok Shukla
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 38)

Abstract

Hundreds or thousands of sensor nodes are used in the region of interest for observing and examining the regional environmental condition and are irreplaceable once it has been deployed. Much larger energy is spent by cluster head nodes for transmitting data directly to the destination node and lesser energy is required for computational activities and energy spent by group member nodes in a clustering protocol is also lesser comparing to that of head nodes. Efficient energy consumption for network lifetime extension can be accomplished with proper cluster head selection. This paper proposed an improved threshold condition with energy and distance parameters for electing cluster head and the simulated results indicate better overall lifetime performance than the conventional LEACH and some other LEACH related protocols for different network sizes and different density of nodes.

Keywords

Distance Network lifetime Cluster head Stability Nodes 

References

  1. 1.
    Heinzelman, W.B., Chandrakasan, A., Balakrishnan, H.: Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS 2000 (2000)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Heinzelman, W.B., Chandrakasan, A.P., Balakrishnan, H.: An application-specific protocol architecture for wireless microsensor networks. IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 1(4), 660–670 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xu, J., Jin, N., Lou, X., Peng, T., Zhou, Q., Chen, Y.: Improvement of LEACH protocol for WSN. In: International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery FSKD (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Haseeb, K., Abu, B.K., Abdullah, A.H., Darwish, T.: Adaptive energy aware cluster-based routing protocol for wireless sensor networks. Wireless Netw. 23, 1953–1966 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Singh S.P., Sharma S.C.: A survey on cluster based routing protocol in wireless sensor networks. In: International conference on advanced computing technologies and applications (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kumar, D.: Performance analysis of energy efficient clustering protocols for maximising lifetime of wireless sensor networks. IET Wireless Sens. Syst. 4(1), 9–16 (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Younis, O., Fahmy, S.: Distributed clustering in ad-hoc sensor networks: a hybrid, energy-efficient approach. In: IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, pp. 909–914. IEEE Press, Bangladesh (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Akkaya, K., Younis, M.: A survey on routing protocols for wireless sensor networks. Ad Hoc Netw. 3(3), 325–349 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pantazis, N.A., Nikolidakis, S.A., Vergados, D.D.: Energy-efficient routing protocols in wireless sensor networks: a survey. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 15(2), 551–591 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ajay, K.T., Suraj, G.P., Nilkanth, B.C.: A survey on data routing and aggregation techniques for wireless sensor networks. In: International Conference On Pervasive Computing (ICPC) (2015)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Karl, H., Willig, A.: Protocols and Architecture for Wireless sensor networks. Wiley, Hoboken (2005). ISBN 0470095105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Thein, M.C.M., Thein, T.: An energy efficient cluster-head selection for wireless sensor networks. In: International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modeling and Simulation, pp. 287–291. IEEE Press, UK (2010)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ali Md., S., Dey, T., Biswas, R.: ALEACH: advanced leach routing protocol for wireless microsensor networks. In: 5th IEEE International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, pp. 909–914 (2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Handy, M., Haase, M., Timmermann, D.: Low energy adaptive clustering hierarchy with deterministic cluster-head selection. In: 4th IEEE International Workshop on Mobile and Wireless Communications Network, pp. 368–372 (2002)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chit, T.A., Zar, K.T.: Lifetime ımprovement of wireless sensor network using residual energy and distance parameters on LEACH protocol. In: 18th International Symposium on Communications and Information Technologies, IEEE Press, Yangon (2018)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyAizawlIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologySilcharIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsNational Institute of TechnologyAizawlIndia

Personalised recommendations