An Overview and Experiment on Wi-Fi Direct Connection Behaviour with Network Analysing Tools

  • Thian Seng LeeEmail author
  • Paul Gardner-Stephen
  • Riza Sulaiman
  • Nazlena Mohammad Ali
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11870)


In the context of Wireless Collaboration Network (WCN), mobile devices with the wireless connection capability connect and communicate with each another for data exchange or resource sharing. The wireless technology used in forming the wireless network has been upgraded and improved throughout the years. Wi-Fi Direct is one of the well-established Wi-Fi P2P standards which can be found in almost all Android OS based mobile devices. In this work, the performance and operations of the Wi-Fi Direct standard when forming a P2P connection was reviewed by utilizing the network analysing tools. A systematic review was conducted by comparing the Wi-Fi Direct operations theoretically and practically. An overview of Wi-Fi Direct was presented, followed by experimental testing on the real-time P2P connection using physical mobile phones. The laptops and smartphones with the network traffic analyzer software (Wireshark and Wi-Fi Analyzer) installed were used to record and analyse the performance of the P2P connection activity. Finally, the findings and conclusions were discussed base on the statistical data collected from the experiment. It has been observed that there is a fixed pattern of SSID formed by Wi-Fi Direct framework regardless of the mobile devices brand, and the size of the Wi-Fi probes are device-dependent.


Wireless Collaboration Network Peer-to-peer Device-to-device Manet Ad-hoc network Android Wi-Fi Direct Network analyser Wireshark 


  1. 1.
    Cisco: Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI) Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast Update, 2017–2022 (2019)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jiang, D., Liu, G.: An overview of 5g requirements. In: Xiang, W., Zheng, K., Shen, X. (eds.) 5G Mobile Communications, pp. 3–26. Springer, Cham (2017). Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lee, T.S., Sulaiman, R.: Preliminary analysis of wireless collaborative network on mobile devices. J. Inf. Commun. Technol. 18(3), 327–343 (2019)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Woolley, M., Schmidt, S.: Bluetooth 5 go faster. Go further (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    IEEE: 802.11aq-2018 - IEEE Standard for Information technology–Telecommunications and information exchange between systems Local and metropolitan area network–Specific requirements Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Spe. IEEE (2018)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lee, T.S., Sulaiman, R., Ali, N.M.: A peer to peer internet sharing technique on MANET through Wi-Fi interface. In: 4th Visual Informatics International Seminar (VIIS 2018), pp. 1–12 (2018)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shah, N., Abid, S.A., Qian, D., Mehmood, W.: A survey of P2P content sharing in MANETs. Comput. Electr. Eng. 57, 55–68 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Holst, A.: Global smartphone sales to end users from 1st quarter 2009 to 2nd quarter 2018, by Operating System. (2019). Accessed 01 July 2019
  9. 9.
    Wi-Fi Alliance: Wi-Fi Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Technical Specification Version 1.7, Wi-Fi Alliance, P2P Technical Group (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tumusok, J.P., Newth, J.D.: Wi-Fi signal strength: what is a good signal and how do you measure it. (2018). Accessed 01 July 2019

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thian Seng Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paul Gardner-Stephen
    • 2
  • Riza Sulaiman
    • 1
  • Nazlena Mohammad Ali
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Visual InformaticsNational University of MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  2. 2.College of Science and EngineeringFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia

Personalised recommendations