Advertisement

Queer Shakespeare

  • Stephen HamrickEmail author
Chapter
  • 13 Downloads
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Comedy book series (PSCOM)

Abstract

This chapter unpacks M&W’s use of queer humour in four distinct periods: in the 1940s and 1950s as they trained in Variety and presented their first television show, Running Wild (B, 1954); in their first highly popular television series, Two of a Kind (I, 1961–1968); in their acclaimed work for the BBC in The Morecambe & Wise Show (1968–1977); and, finally, in their Thames Television programme, The Morecambe and Wise Show (I, 1978–1983). Lesbianism, dragging up as Marlene Dietrich, gay marriage, queer aesthetics, and more emerge as ripe subjects for a queer humour that helps to normalise homosexuality.

Bibliography1

  1. Anderson, Clive, inter (2017) Loose Ends. BBC Radio. 6 July.Google Scholar
  2. Asher, Robert, dir (1965) The Intelligence Men. Rank.Google Scholar
  3. Babuscio, Jack (2010/2004) ‘Camp and the Gay Sensibility,’ in Harry Benshoff and Sean Griffin, eds, Queer Cinema: The Film Reader. Routledge, 121–136.Google Scholar
  4. Baker, Paul (2003) Polari: The Lost Language of Gay Men. Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. Baker, Paul and Jo Stanley (2015) Hello Sailor!: The Hidden History of Gay Life at Sea. Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Behr, Louis, ed (1938) ‘Bennett & Williams: The Popular Variety and Radio Entertainers.’ Pathé Gazette. 1192.30, 23 October.Google Scholar
  7. Behr, Louis, ed (1940) ‘Famous Stars Entertain the Forces.’ Pathé Gazette. 1043.25, 2 May.Google Scholar
  8. Bennett, Billy (1934) ‘The Foreign Legion/The Bookmaker’s Daughter.’ Regal Zonophone. MR 1724.Google Scholar
  9. Bourne, Stephen (2016) Brief Encounters: Lesbians and Gays in British Cinema 1930–1971. Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  10. Bradley, Peri (2010) ‘‘You Are Awful … But I Like You’: The Politics of Camp in 1970s Television,’ in Laurel Forster and Sue Harper, eds, British Culture and Society in the 1970s: The Lost Decade. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 119–130.Google Scholar
  11. Brandon, Johnny (2006) One More Step!. Brighton: Book Guild.Google Scholar
  12. Bronte, Emily (1847/2003) Wuthering Heights. Penguin.Google Scholar
  13. Bullock, David (2017) David Bowie Made Me Gay: 100 Years of LGBT Music. Gerald Duckworth.Google Scholar
  14. Callaghan, Dympna (2008) Shakespeare’s Sonnets. Wiley.Google Scholar
  15. Chesler, Phyllis (2005) Women and Madness. New York: St. Martin’s.Google Scholar
  16. Colehan, Barney, dir (1959) The Good Old Days. BBC. 26 December.Google Scholar
  17. Cooper, John, dir (1981) The Stanley Baxter Series. London Weekend Television.Google Scholar
  18. Cumming, David (1963–1981) The Dick Emery Show. BBC.Google Scholar
  19. De Boer, Connie (1978) ‘The Polls: Attitudes Toward Homosexuality.’ Public Opinion Quarterly, 42.2, 265–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. De Lauretis, Teresa (1984) Alice Doesn’t: Feminism, Semiotics, Cinema. Macmillan.Google Scholar
  21. Dines, Martin (2018) ‘Re-reading the 1950s Homosexual Novel,’ in Nick Bentley, Alice Ferrebe, and Nick Hubble, eds, The 1950s: A Decade of Modern British Fiction. Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  22. Double, Oliver (2012) Britain Had Talent: A History of Variety Theatre. Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  23. Eagleton, Terry (2019) Humour. Yale UP.Google Scholar
  24. Emig, Rainer (2014) ‘Queer Humour: Gay Comedy Between Camp and Diversity,’ in Delia Chiaro and Raffaella Baccolini, eds, Gender and Humour: Interdisciplinary and International Perspectives. Abingdon: Routledge, 276–287.Google Scholar
  25. Faulk, Barry (2004) Music Hall & Modernity: The Late-Victorian Discovery of Popular Culture. Columbus: Ohio UP.Google Scholar
  26. Fountain, Michael and Paul Jenkinson (2013) Driving Mr. Morecambe. New Generation.Google Scholar
  27. Gifford, Denis (1976) Reveille Extra. 30/4/76–16/7/76.Google Scholar
  28. Gifford, Denis (1977) The Morecambe and Wise Comic Book! Corgi-Carousel.Google Scholar
  29. Graef, Roger, dir (1979) The Secret Policeman’s Ball. London Weekend Television. 22 December.Google Scholar
  30. Gruner, Charles (2017) The Game of Humour: A Comprehensive Theory of Why We Laugh. Routledge.Google Scholar
  31. Hamer, Emily (2016) Britannia’s Glory: A History of Twentieth Century Lesbians. Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  32. Hargreaves, Jennifer (2000) Heroines of Sport: The Politics of Difference and Identity. Routledge.Google Scholar
  33. Hitchcock, Alfred, dir (1955) To Catch a Thief. Hollywood: Paramount Pictures. 3 August.Google Scholar
  34. Hogg, James (2016) ‘James Hogg on Michael Ward,’ in N. Graeme, ed, Carry on Blogging, 9 November. carryonfan.blogspot.com.
  35. Hollick, Helen (2017) Pirates: Truth and Tales. Amberley Publishing.Google Scholar
  36. Houlbrook, Matt (2006) Queer Perils and Pleasures in the Sexual Metropolis, 1918–1957. Chicago UP.Google Scholar
  37. Howarth, Janet (2000) ‘Gender, Domesticity, and Sexual Politics,’ in Collin Matthew, ed, The Nineteenth Century. Oxford UP.Google Scholar
  38. Hudd, Roy and Philip Hindin (1997) Roy Hudd’s Cavalcade of Variety Acts: A Who Was Who of Light Entertainment, 1945–1960. Robson.Google Scholar
  39. Jackson, David (2016) Exploring Aging Masculinities: The Body, Sexuality, and Social Lives. Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  40. Jennings, Paul (2007) The Local: A History of the English Pub. Stroud: History Press.Google Scholar
  41. Jennings, Rebeca (2014) ‘Sexuality,’ in Francessa Carnali and Julie Strange, eds, 20th Century Britain: Economic, Cultural, and Social Change. Routledge, 293–307.Google Scholar
  42. Launder, Frank, dir (1954) The Belles of St Trinian’s. British Lion Films. 28 September.Google Scholar
  43. Lerner, Sammy, trans (1931) ‘Falling in Love Again.’ Camden: Victor. 22593.Google Scholar
  44. Lippman, Sid (1949) ‘‘A’ You’re Adorable.’ Chicago: Mercury. 5253.Google Scholar
  45. Lusted, David (1991) ‘The Glut of the Personality,’ in Christine Gledhill, ed, Stardom: Industry of Desire. Routledge, 251–258.Google Scholar
  46. Matrimonial Causes Act, The (1973) Chapter 18. Richmond: HMSO.Google Scholar
  47. Matz, Robert (2012) The World of Shakespeare’s Sonnets: An Introduction. McFarland.Google Scholar
  48. McFarlane, Brian (2016) The Encyclopedia of British Film. Oxford UP.Google Scholar
  49. Medhurst, Andy (2007) A National Joke: Popular Comedy and English Cultural Identities. Routledge.Google Scholar
  50. Merriman, Andy (2013) Greasepaint and Cordite: How ENSA Entertained the Troops During World War II. Aurum.Google Scholar
  51. Morecambe, Eric (1981) Mr Lonely. Eyre Methuen.Google Scholar
  52. Morecambe, Eric, and Ernie Wise (1968) The Morecambe and Wise Joke Book. Wolfe.Google Scholar
  53. Morecambe, Eric, and Ernie Wise (1973) Eric & Ernie: The Autobiography of Morecambe & Wise. W.H. Allen.Google Scholar
  54. Morecambe, Eric, and Ernie Wise (1977a) Bring Me Laughter: A Collection of Cartoons. Mowbrays.Google Scholar
  55. Morecambe, Eric, and Ernie Wise (1977b) The Morecambe & Wise Special. Orion Publishing Group. All attempts at tracing the copyright holder of the images in this text were unsuccessful, including through the publisher.Google Scholar
  56. Morecambe, Eric, and Ernie Wise (1979) The Morecambe and Wise Jokebook. Arthur Barker.Google Scholar
  57. Morecambe, Eric, and Ernie Wise (1981) An Autobiography by Morecambe and Wise with help from Michael Freedland: There’s No Answer to That!!. Arthur Barker.Google Scholar
  58. Morecambe, Eric, and Ernie Wise (1987/1973) Morecambe & Wise on Stage. ITV, 17 February.Google Scholar
  59. Morecambe, Eric, and Ernie Wise (2008) The Morecambe and Wise Show: The Thames Years. Network.Google Scholar
  60. Morecambe, Eric, and Ernie Wise (2010) Morecambe & Wise: The BBC Collection. BBC.Google Scholar
  61. Morecambe, Eric, and Ernie Wise (2016) Morecambe & Wise: Two of a Kind. Network.Google Scholar
  62. Morecambe, Eric, and Ernie Wise (2018) Morecambe & Wise: The Complete BBC Radio 2 Series. BBC.Google Scholar
  63. Morecambe, Gary (1982) Funny Man: Eric Morecambe. Methuen.Google Scholar
  64. Morecambe, Gary (2013) The Treasures of Morecambe & Wise: Bring Me Sunshine. Carlton Books.Google Scholar
  65. Morley, John (1983) Sinbad the Sailor: A Pantomime. Samuel French.Google Scholar
  66. Morreall, John (2011) Comic Relief: A Comprehensive Philosophy of Humour. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  67. Morris, Desmond (1969) The Human Zoo. Random House.Google Scholar
  68. Mulvey, Laura (1975) ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema.’ Screen, 16.3, 6–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Mundy, John and Glyn White (2012) Laughing Matters: Understanding Film, Television and Radio Comedy. Manchester UP.Google Scholar
  70. Nathan, David (1971) The Laughtermakers: A Quest for Comedy. Peter Owen.Google Scholar
  71. Neale, Steve and Frank Krutnik (1990) Popular Film and Television Comedy. Routledge.Google Scholar
  72. Nicholson, Virginia (2008) Singled Out: How Two Million British Women Survived Without Men After the First World War. Oxford UP.Google Scholar
  73. Novick, Jeremy (1997) Morecambe & Wise: You Can’t See the Join. Chameleon.Google Scholar
  74. Oldroyd, Liddy, dir (1993) The Posse: Armed and Dangerous. Channel 4. 21 May.Google Scholar
  75. Oram, Alison (2007) Her Husband Was a Woman: Women’s Gender-Crossing in Modern British Popular Culture. Routledge.Google Scholar
  76. Owen, Cliff, dir (1966) That Riviera Touch. Rank. 24 March.Google Scholar
  77. Owen, Cliff, dir (1967) The Magnificent Two. Rank. 5 July.Google Scholar
  78. Parker, Alan, dir (1977) ‘James Hunt and Morecambe & Wise.’ Texaco Petrol. Collett Dickenson Pearce.Google Scholar
  79. Parker, F.W., ed (1940) ‘Band Waggon.’ Chester Chronicle. 13 July, 1.Google Scholar
  80. Parsons, Bill, arch (1973) ‘Sunblest Bread Sales Campaign Launch.’ Associated British Foods. youtube.com/watch?v=bLjpn-5C_6s.
  81. Plummer, Douglas (1963) Queer People: The Truth about Homosexuals. W.H. Allen.Google Scholar
  82. Plummer, Ken (1999) ‘The Lesbian and Gay Movement in Britain: Schisms, Solidarities, and Social Worlds,’ in Barry Adam, Jan Duyvendak, and Andre Krouwel, eds, The Global Emergence of Gay and Lesbian Politics: National Imprints of a Worldwide Movement. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 133–157.Google Scholar
  83. Rae, Jackie (1960) Val Parnell’s Spectacular: Alma Cogan Introduces. ITV. 6 August.Google Scholar
  84. Reay, Barry (2009) ‘Writing the Modern Histories of Homosexual England.’ The Historical Journal, 52.1, 213–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Robinson, Lucy (2007) Gay Men and the Left in Post-war Britain: How the Personal Got Political. Manchester UP.Google Scholar
  86. Rodgers, Richard and Oscar Hammerstein, III (1955) Oklahoma!: From The Soundtrack Of The Motion Picture. Los Angeles: Capitol. EAP595.Google Scholar
  87. Roseneil, Sasha (2002) ‘The Heterosexual/Homosocial Binary: Past, Present, and Future,’ in Diane Richardson and Steven Seidman, eds, Handbook of Lesbian and Gay Studies. Sage, 2–44.Google Scholar
  88. Sandbrook, Dominic (2005) Never Had It So Good: A History of Britain From Suez to the Beatles. Little Brown.Google Scholar
  89. Sellers, Robert and James Hogg (2011) Little Ern. The Authorized Biography of Ernie Wise. Sidgwick & Jackson.Google Scholar
  90. Senelick, Laurence (2000) The Changing Room: Sex, Drag, and Theatre. Routledge.Google Scholar
  91. Sexual Offences Act (1967) Her Majesties Stationary Office. legislation.uk.gov.
  92. Sidney, George, dir (1953) Kiss Me Kate. Beverly Hills: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 5 November.Google Scholar
  93. Simpson, Mark (2005) ‘The Straight Men of Comedy,’ in Stephen Wagg, ed, Because I Tell a Joke or Two: Comedy, Politics, and Social Difference. Routledge, 137–145.Google Scholar
  94. Sinfield, Alan (1991) ‘Private Lives/Public Theater: Noël Coward and the Politics of Homosexual Representation.’ Representations, 36, 43–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Smelik, Anneke (1998) Feminist Cinema and Film Theory. Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  96. Smith, Patricia (1997) Lesbian Panic: Homoeroticism in Modern British Women’s Fiction. New York: Columbia UP.Google Scholar
  97. Smyth, Cherry (1998) ‘How Do We Look?: Imaging Butch/Femme,’ in Sally Munt, ed Butch/Femme: Inside Lesbian Gender. Cassell.Google Scholar
  98. Spevack, Marvin, ed (2003) Julius Caesar. Cambridge UP.Google Scholar
  99. St. Pierre, Paul (2003) Song and Sketch Transcripts of the British Music Hall Performers Elsie and Doris Waters. Lewiston: Edwin Mellon.Google Scholar
  100. St. Pierre, Paul (2013) ‘Elsie and Doris Waters: Four Songs,’ in Peter Dickinson, Anne Higgins, Paul St. Pierre, Diana Solomon, and Sean Zwagerman, eds, Women and Comedy: History, Theory, Practice. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson UP.Google Scholar
  101. Stott, Andrew (2014/2005) Comedy. Routledge.Google Scholar
  102. Studlar, Galyn (1990) ‘Masochism, Masquerade, and the Erotic Metamorphoses of Marlene Dietrich,’ in Jane Gaines and Charlotte Herzog, eds, Fabrications: Costume and the Female Body. Routledge, 229–249.Google Scholar
  103. Torr, Diana and Stephen Bottoms (2010) Sex, Drag, and Male Roles: Investigating Gender as Performance. Ann Arbor: Michigan UP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Ussher, Jane (2011) The Madness of Women: Myth and Experience. Routledge.Google Scholar
  105. Vardy, Mike, dir (1978) ‘Hearts & Minds.’ The Sweeney. Thames. 23 November.Google Scholar
  106. Vicinus, Martha (2004) Intimate Friends: Women Who Loved Women, 1798–1928. Chicago UP.Google Scholar
  107. Vickers, Emma (2015) Queen and Country: Same-Sex Desire in the British Armed Forces, 1939–1945. Manchester UP.Google Scholar
  108. Von Sternberg, Josef, dir (1930) The Blue Angel. Berlin: UFA.Google Scholar
  109. Von Sternberg, Josef, dir (1932) Shanghai Express. Paramount. 12 February.Google Scholar
  110. Wall, Max (1975) The Fool on the Hill: An Autobiography. Quartet.Google Scholar
  111. Weeks, Jeffrey (1977/2016) Coming Out: The Emergence of LGBT Identities in Britain from the Nineteenth Century to the Present. Quartet.Google Scholar
  112. Wellman, William, dir (1939) Beau Geste. Hollywood: Paramount Pictures. 24 July.Google Scholar
  113. Wenn, Lennox, ed (1964–1965) ‘Morecambe and Wise.’ Buster. 24 October–20 February.Google Scholar
  114. White, Rosie (2014) ‘Beryl Reid SaysGood Evening: Performing Queer Identity on British Television.’ Journal of European Popular Culture, 5.2, 165–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Wise, Ernie (1987–1988) Wise on the Wireless. BBC Radio.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MoorheadUSA

Personalised recommendations