A Study on Rock Cutting Forces and Wear Mechanisms of Coated Picks by Lab-Scale Linear Cutting Machine

  • Sathish Kumar PalaniappanEmail author
  • Samir Kumar Pal
  • M. P. Dikshit
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering book series (SSGG)


Conical cemented carbide tip has facilitated extensive application in the field of mining engineering because of their exceptional combination of strength, hardness and high wear resistance. This paper focuses on different cutting forces and wear mechanisms in a conical pick which has been used in a surface miner machine for rock cutting. In the present work, an attempt has been made by coating aluminium titanium nitride (AlTiN) on the tip to calculate the cutting forces and to understand the wear mechanisms. Modified shaper machine was used to cut the rock sample linearly and their corresponding forces were measured by using a 3D strain gauge octagonal dynamometer. Coated tool possess highest hardness of 22.47 GPa with lowest wear rate of 2.54 × 10−4 cm3/cm and 4.42 × 10−4 cm3/cm, whereas uncoated tool with lowest hardness of 19.10 GPa depicts wear rate of 2.95 × 10−4 cm3/cm and 5.65 × 10−4 cm3/cm for 2 mm and 4 mm depths of cut. Parameters such as cutting forces, amount of coal removed, cutting efficiency and specific energy generated during cutting were also analysed for different depths of cut and the best compromise was found among them. The worn out surface has been critically examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. This study may be helpful for the selection of suitable surface miner machine and their cutting pick for hard rock cutting operation in mines.


Coating Cemented carbide Wear analysis 


  1. 1.
    Liu, Z.C., Roxborough, F.: Mining Science and Technology. Balkema Publications, Rotterdam (1996)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jeong, H.Y., Jeon, S.W., Cho, J.W.: A study on punch penetration test for performance estimation of tunnel boring machine. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 22, 144–156 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    He, X., Xu, C.: Specific energy as an index to identify the critical failure mode transition depth in rock cutting. Rock Mech. Rock Eng. 49, 1461–1478 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Copur, H., Bilgin, N., Balci, C., Tumac, D., Avunduk, E.: Effects of different cutting patterns and experimental conditions on the performance of a conical drag tool. Rock Mech. Rock Eng. 50, 1585–1609 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dewangan, S., Chattopadhyaya, S.: Performance analysis of two different conical picks used in linear cutting operation of coal. Arab. J. Sci. Eng. 41, 249–265 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Deketh, H.J.R.: Wear of Rock Cutting Tools. Balkema Press, Brookfields (1995)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang, D., Shen, B., Sun, F.: Study on tribological behavior and cutting performance of CVD diamond and DLC films on Co-cemented tungsten carbide substrates. Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 2479–2485 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Balci, C., Bilgin, N.: Correlative study of linear small and full-scale rock cutting tests to select mechanized excavation machines. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 32, 468–476 (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shaw, M.C.: Metal Cutting Principles. Clarendon Press, Oxford (1984)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mostafavi, S.S., Yao, Q.Y., Zhang, L.C., Li, X.S., Lunn, J., Melmeth, C.: Effect of attack angle on the pick performance in linear rock cutting. In: 45th International Proceedings on US Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, pp. 1–4. American Rock Mechanics Association, California (2011)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mining EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurWest BengalIndia

Personalised recommendations