A Study of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification Change in Thailand from 1987–2017

  • Nutthakarn PhumkokruxEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Geography book series (SPRINGERGEOGR)


This study aims to update the map of climate classification of Thailand. Although many researches created world climate classification maps by using the Köppen-Geiger’s theory, the previous global map cannot provide a lot of detail for each area. The up-to-date Thailand’s climate maps are presented and can be used to support the future works. The study was executed by gathering the average monthly temperature data and monthly rainfall data of 99 meteorological stations, which were collected by Thai Meteorological Department and Weather Division of Royal Thai Air Force. Then, the Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification maps of Thailand were created in order to analyse the changes of Thailand’s climate over 31 years passed. The maps of this work are quite different from the previous climate classification map by Köppen-Geiger’s theory. The result shows that Thailand has climate types of the Equatorial Climates (A). Although the Tropical rainforest climate (Af) was found in some year of this study, the overall of this study can be classified that Thailand has only 2 climate classes which are the Tropical wet and dry or savanna climate (Aw) and the Tropical monsoon climate (Am). These climate classes are occurred because of southwest monsoon and northeast monsoon.


Climate change Köppen climate classification Thailand 



Author would like to say thank you to Thai Meteorological Department and Weather Division RTAF Thailand for supporting all data which necessary in this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography, Faculty of EducationRamkhamhaeng UniversityBangkokThailand

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