An Evaluation of Performance of Location-Based and Location-Free Routing Protocols in Underwater Sensor Networks

  • Nasarudin IsmailEmail author
  • Mohd Murtadha Mohamad
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1073)


Nowadays, both academia and industries has been actively conducting research and development of Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) to support various widely available application such as oil/gas monitoring system, tsunami monitoring, disaster prevention and environment monitoring. However, developing an efficient communication in UWSNs is a demanding task due to the irregular characteristic of underwater environment. Due to this reason, the research in network technology of UWSNs has been underway to overcome the lack of available network technology in UWSNs. For this research, we are going to evaluate the performance of the existing proposed UWSNs routing protocols under different network densities. The objective of this research is to compare the performance of location based and location free UWSNs routing protocols under several different dense network condition. We have selected several UWSNs routing protocol location-free like Underwater Flooding (UWFlooding) and Depth Based Routing (DBR) and for location based like Vector-Based Forwarding (VBF) Protocol and Hop-by-Hop Vector-Based Forwarding (HH-VBF). The results clearly shown that location-based is outperform the location-free routing protocols in most test. However due to the impractical use of finding location of nodes in water environment, location-free is still the best solution for UWSNs.


UWSNs Routing protocol Flooding Location-based Location-free Aqua-Sim 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pusat Teknologi MaklumatUniversiti Tun Hussein Onn MalaysiaParit Raja, Batu PahatMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Computing, Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)SkudaiMalaysia

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