Evaluation of Key Skills Supporting Industry 4.0—A Review of Literature and Practice

  • Rupinder Kaur
  • Anjali AwasthiEmail author
  • Katarzyna Grzybowska
Part of the EcoProduction book series (ECOPROD)


The proposed study evaluates the key skills needed to support Industry 4.0 from a literature review and practice perspective. A detailed review of literature targeting the Industry and Education sectors is performed. Canadian manufacturing and service industries and Polish automotive and pharmacy sectors are investigated. Decision-making, leadership, team thinking, core skills, and general aptitude emerge as the top skills needed in these sectors.


Education Competence Skills analysis Workforce planning Expert interview Comparative analysis Canada Poland 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rupinder Kaur
    • 1
  • Anjali Awasthi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Katarzyna Grzybowska
    • 2
  1. 1.Concordia UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Poznan University of TechnologyPoznanPoland

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