Advertisement

Evaluation of Key Skills Supporting Industry 4.0—A Review of Literature and Practice

  • Rupinder Kaur
  • Anjali AwasthiEmail author
  • Katarzyna Grzybowska
Chapter
Part of the EcoProduction book series (ECOPROD)

Abstract

The proposed study evaluates the key skills needed to support Industry 4.0 from a literature review and practice perspective. A detailed review of literature targeting the Industry and Education sectors is performed. Canadian manufacturing and service industries and Polish automotive and pharmacy sectors are investigated. Decision-making, leadership, team thinking, core skills, and general aptitude emerge as the top skills needed in these sectors.

Keywords

Education Competence Skills analysis Workforce planning Expert interview Comparative analysis Canada Poland 

References

  1. Arnold C, Kiel D, Voigt KI (2016) How industry 4.0 changes business models in different manufacturing industries. In: ISPIM conference proceedings. The International Society for Professional Innovation Management (ISPIM), p 1Google Scholar
  2. Azmi AN, Kamin Y, Noordin MK, Nasir ANM (2018) Towards industrial revolution 4.0: employers’ expectations on fresh engineering graduates. Int J Eng Tech 7(4.28):267–272Google Scholar
  3. Barlat J, Brambilla I, Porto G (2008) Realizing the gains from trade: export crops, marketing costs and poverty. World Bank Working Paper # 4488Google Scholar
  4. Benešová A, Tupa J (2017) Requirements for education and qualification of people in industry 4.0. Procedia Manuf 11:2195–2202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Benešová A, Hirman M, Steiner F, Tupa J (2018) Analysis of education requirements for electronics manufacturing within concept industry 4.0. In: 2018 41st International Spring Seminar on Electronics Technology (ISSE). IEEE, pp 1–5Google Scholar
  6. Devedzic G, Bari P (2016) Engineering design education for industry 4.0: implementation of augmented reality concept in teaching CAD courses. In: International conference on Augmented Reality for Technical Entrepreneurs (ARTE’16)Google Scholar
  7. Gehrke L, Kühn AT, Rule D, Moore P, Bellmann C, Siemes S et al (2015) A discussion of qualifications and skills in the factory of the future: a German and American perspective, DüsseldorfGoogle Scholar
  8. Grzybowska K, Łupicka A (2016) Knowledge acquisition in complex systems. In: Yue X-G, Duarte NJR (eds) Proceedings of the 2016 international conference on economics and management innovations, part of advances in computer science research, vol 57, pp 262–266.  https://doi.org/10.2991/icemi-16.2016.5. ISSN 2352-538X
  9. Grzybowska K, Łupicka A (2017) Key competencies for industry 4.0. Econ Manag Innov 1(1):250–253Google Scholar
  10. Gudanowska AE, Alonso JP, Törmänen A (2018) What competencies are needed in the production industry? The case of the Podlaskie Region. Eng Manag Prod Serv 10(1):65–74Google Scholar
  11. Hecklau F, Galeitzkea M, Flachsa S, Kohlb H (2016) Holistic approach for human resource management in industry 4.0. Procedia CIRP 54:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ho SY, Frampton K (2010) A competency model for the information technology workforce: implications for training and selection. Commun Assoc Inf Syst 27(5):63–80Google Scholar
  13. Janis I, Alias M (2017) A systematic literature review: human roles, competencies and skills in industry 4.0. In: Proceedings of the Asia International Multidisciplinary Conference (AIMC 2017), pp 1–21. https://www.futureacademy.org.uk/files/images/upload/AIMC2017F84.pdf
  14. Karre H, Hammer M, Kleindienst M, Ramsauer C (2017) Transition towards an industry 4.0 state of the LeanLab at Graz University of Technology. Procedia Manuf 9:206–213.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2017.04.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kaur R (2018) Enterprise, project and workforce selection models for industry 4.0. Masters thesis, Concordia UniversityGoogle Scholar
  16. Kinzel H (2016) Industry 4.0 – Where does this leave the human factor? 27th annual conference of human dignity and humiliation studies at: Dubrovnik, CroatiaGoogle Scholar
  17. Longo F, Nicoletti L, Padovano A (2017) Smart operators in industry 4.0: a human-centered approach to enhance operators’ capabilities and competencies within the new smart factory context. Comput Ind Eng 113:144–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lorenz M, Rüßmann M, Strack R, Lueth KL, Bolle M (2015) Man and machine in industry 4.0: how will technology transform the industrial workforce through 2025. The Boston Consulting Group. https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/articles/technology-businesstransformationengineered-products-infrastructure-man-machine-industry-4
  19. Motyl B, Baronio G, Uberti S, Speranza D, Filippi S (2017) How will change the future engineers’ skills in the industry 4.0 framework? A questionnaire survey. Procedia Manuf 11(June):1501–1509.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2017.07.282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mrugalska B, Wyrwicka MK (2017) Towards lean production in industry 4.0. Procedia Eng 182:466–473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nowakowski T, Tubis AA, Werbińska-Wojciechowska S (2019) Evolution of technical systems maintenance approaches—review and a case study. In: Burduk A et al (eds) Intelligent systems in production engineering and maintenance. Springer, Cham, pp 161–174Google Scholar
  22. Pfeiffer S (2015) Effects of industry 4.0 on vocational education and training. Institute of Technology Assessment (ITA). ISSN-online 1818-6556Google Scholar
  23. Prifti L, Knigge M, Kienegger H, Krcmar H (2017) A competency model for “Industrie 4.0” employees. https://www.wi2017.ch/images/wi2017–0262.pdf
  24. Roux DJ, Nel JL, Cundill G, O’Farrell P, Fabricius C (2017) Transdisciplinary research for systemic change: who to learn with, what to learn about and how to learn. Sustain Sci 12(5):711–726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sackey SM, Bester A (2016) Industrial engineering curriculum in Industry 4.0 in a South African context. S Afr J Ind Eng 27(4):101–114Google Scholar
  26. Salah B, Abidi MH, Mian SH, Krid M, Alkhalefah H, Abdo A (2019) Virtual reality-based engineering education to enhance manufacturing sustainability in industry 4.0. Sustainability 11(5):1477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Saniuk A, Saniuk S, Caganova D et al (2014) Control of strategy realization in metallurgical production. In: 23rd international conference on metallurgy and materials, Brno, Czech Republic, pp 1876–1881Google Scholar
  28. Sitek P, Wikarek J (2016) A hybrid programming framework for modeling and solving constraint satisfaction and optimization problems. Sci Program 2016, Article ID 5102616.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/5102616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Stachová K, Papula J, Stacho Z, Kohnová L (2019) External partnerships in employee education and development as the key to facing industry 4.0 challenges. Sustainability 11(2):345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Vu TLA (2018) Building CDIO approach training programmes against challenges of industrial revolution 4.0 for engineering and technology development. Int J Eng Res Tech 11(7):1129–1148Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rupinder Kaur
    • 1
  • Anjali Awasthi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Katarzyna Grzybowska
    • 2
  1. 1.Concordia UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Poznan University of TechnologyPoznanPoland

Personalised recommendations