Long-Term Parameters of New Cement Composites

  • Andina SprinceEmail author
  • Leonids Pakrastins
  • Rihards Gailitis
Conference paper
Part of the RILEM Bookseries book series (RILEM, volume 24)


Since the beginning of the 20th century, scientists and cement composite technologists are working on developing various types of new structural multi-component cement composites. Several obstacles prevent more widespread use of these newly developed cement composites in construction. One of the main problems is insufficient information about the long-term properties, which are essential in ensuring the safe and long exploitation of structures. The purpose of this research is to determine the long-term properties of several new cement composites: ultra-high strength cement composite with PVA fiber “cocktail” (2% by volume), with micro silica and nano silica additive; ultra-high strength cement composite with 1% montmorillonite mineral nano-size particles; reference composition. Test specimens were prepared and subjected to constant compressive load in permanent room temperature and level of moisture. There were properties such as compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, shrinkage as well as uniaxial creep deformations investigated in the laboratory. Afterward parameters of long-term properties were determined. The obtained results showed that after approximately 90 days of loading the creep coefficient values of new cement composites were 0,5–3; specific creep values were 30–55 microstrain/MPa; creep modulus was 2–90 GPa. The experimental study proves that new elaborated mixes can be successfully used in the production of concrete, thus potentially decreasing the use of cement, which would lead to the reduction of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere.


Creep coefficient Specific creep Creep modulus New cement composite 



“This research is funded by the Latvian Council of Science, project “Long-term properties of innovative cement composites in various stress-strain conditions”, project No. lzp-2018/2-0249”.


  1. ACI 209.2R-08: Guide for Modeling and Calculating Shrinkage and Creep in Hardened Concrete, ACI Committee 209, USA (2008)Google Scholar
  2. BS EN 1992-1-1:2004: Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures - Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings, CEN (2004)Google Scholar
  3. Grinfeld, G.I., Gorshkov, A.S., Vatin, N.I.: Tests result in strength and thermophysical properties of aerated concrete block wall samples with the use of polyurethane adhesive. Adv. Mater. Res. 941–944, 786–799 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fathifazl, G., Razaqpur, A.G., Isgor, B., Abbas, A., Foumier, B., Somon, F.: Creep and drying shrinkage characteristic of concrete produced with coarse recycled concrete aggregate. Cem. Concr. Compos. 74, 1026–1037 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fehling, E., Schmidt, M., Walraven, J., Leutbecher, T., Frolich, S.: Ultra-High Performance Concrete UHPC. Ernst & Sohn, Berlin (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gilbert, R.I., Ranzi, G.: Time-Dependent Behaviour of Concrete Structures, pp. 3, 5, 9–11, 25–30, 26, 27, 33. Spon Press, London and New York (2011)Google Scholar
  7. Girskas, G., Skripkiunas, G., Šahmenko, G., Korjakins, A.: Durability of concrete containing synthetic zeolite from aluminum fluoride production waste as a supplementary cementitious material. Constr. Build. Mater. 117, 99–106 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kazanskaya, L.F., Smirnova, O.M.: Supersulphated cements with technogenic raw materials. Int. J. Civ. Eng. Technol. 9(11), 3006–3012 (2018)Google Scholar
  9. Lu, J., Poon, C.S.: Improvement of early age properties for glass-cement mortar by adding nano-silica. Cem. Concr. Compos. 89, 18–30 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Naaman, A.E., Reinhardt, H.W.: High-performance fiber reinforced cement composites. In: Proceedings PRO6, France. RILEM Publications S.A.R.L. (2003)Google Scholar
  11. Neville, A.M.: Creep of concrete and behaviour of structures. Concrete International no. 5 (2002)Google Scholar
  12. Prisco, M., Plizzari, G., Vandewalle, L.: Fibre reinforced concrete: new design perspectives. Mater. Struct. 42, 1261–1281 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Rilem: TC 107 - CSP: creep and shrinkage prediction models: principles of their formation. Measurement of time-dependent strains of concrete. Mater. Struct. 31, 507–512 (1998)Google Scholar
  14. Smirnova, O.M.: Evaluation of superplasticizer effect in mineral disperse systems based on quarry dust. Int. J. Civ. Eng. Technol. 9(8), 1733–1740 (2018)Google Scholar
  15. Sprince, A., Pakrastins, L., Radina, L.: Experimental investigation of new cement composites long-term properties. In: SynerCrete 2018: Interdisciplinary Approaches for Cement-based Materials and Structural Concrete: Synergizing Expertise and Bridging Scales of Space and Time, vol. 1 & 2, pp. 189–194 (2018)Google Scholar
  16. Šinka, M., Van Den Heede, P., De Belie, N., Bajāre, D., Šahmenko, G., Korjakins, A.: Comparative life cycle assessment of magnesium binders as an alternative for hemp concrete. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 133, 288–299 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© RILEM 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andina Sprince
    • 1
    Email author
  • Leonids Pakrastins
    • 1
  • Rihards Gailitis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Structural EngineeringRiga Technical UniversityRigaLatvia

Personalised recommendations