Enhancing Peer Support Interventions in Diabetes Care

  • Patrick Y. TangEmail author
  • Edwin B. Fisher


Among the individual- and community-level strategies that have been implemented to improve care for people with diabetes, peer support from trained laypersons stands out as a versatile approach that has been effective and often cost-effective. This chapter discusses research that has found peer support to have significant impacts on diabetes knowledge, self-care behaviors, glycemic control, and emotional well-being. Furthermore, peer support interventions are proving to be cost-effective by improving clinical status, reducing long-term complications, reducing excess health-care utilization, and improving the efficiency of care delivery. Born of pragmatism and necessity, peer support helps fill the gaps in diabetes care and strengthens the public health system. Health-care systems around the world are increasingly tapping into peer support for diabetes care by partnering with community-based programs and integrating peer support into clinical care. This chapter summarizes the evidence for organized, intentional peer support in diabetes, recommendations for implementing high-quality programs, and implications for future research.


Peer support Adults Diabetes 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Peers for Progress, Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public HealthUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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