Advertisement

Auditing the Adequacy of NDCs in Addressing the Climate Action Sustainable Development Goal

  • Godwell NhamoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development Goals Series book series (SDGS)

Abstract

The nationally determined contributions (NDCs) of the Paris Agreement remain one of the main platforms with which the climate action Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 13) can be attained. However, not much work is emerging that reflects the extent to which the available NDCs are geared towards this mammoth task. Drawing from the set SDG 13 targets, an auditing matrix to determine the NDCs’ compliance with the climate action goal and targets was developed. Sixty countries formed the sample drawn from all the continents. The findings show that there is a huge gap in the provision of NDCs in developed countries, and this may result in failure to adequately address SDG 13. This is mainly due to the mitigation bias of the NDCs as per the mandate stipulated in Article 3 of the Paris Agreement. This paper recommends that in the next rounds of revising the NDCs in 2020, 2025 and 2030, all countries should make every effort to voluntarily have their NDCs responding to the broader climate action call presented through SDG 13 targets. This is important, given that SDG 13 is under the custodianship of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change which hosts the Paris Agreement.

Keywords

NDCs Paris agreement Sustainable development SDGs UNFCCC 

References

  1. Antwi-Agyei, P., Dougill, A. J., Agyekum, T. P., & Stringer, L. C. (2018). Alignment between nationally determined contributions and the sustainable development goals for West Africa. Climate Policy, 18(10), 1296–1312.  https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2018.1431199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chong, D. (2018). The sustainable development goals and climate change. Social Alternatives, 37(1), 43–48.Google Scholar
  3. De Loma-Osorio, G. F. (2016). The 2030 agenda for sustainable development: Bringing climate justice to climate action. Development, 59, 223–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fransen, T., Northrop, E., Mogelgaard, K., & Levin, K. (2016). Enhancing NDCs by 2020: Achieving the goals of the Paris agreement. Washington DC: World Resources Institute.Google Scholar
  5. Hammill, A. (2017). Using NDCs, NAPs and the SDGs to advance climate-resilient development. London: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD).Google Scholar
  6. IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). (2018). Global warming of 1.5 °C: An IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty. Geneva: IPCC Secretariat.Google Scholar
  7. Muchuru, S., & Nhamo, G. (2018). Climate change adaptation and the African fisheries: evidence from the UNFCCC National Communications. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 20, 1687–1705.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-017-9960-6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Nhamo, G., & Nhamo, S. (2016). Paris (COP 21) agreement: loss and damage, adaptation and climate finance issues. International Journal of African Renaissance Studies, 11(2), 118–138.  https://doi.org/10.1080/18186874.2016.1212479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Nhamo, G. (2018). UNFCCC decision on agriculture: Africa must continue prioritising adaptation in the Talanoa Dialogue and (I)NDCs processes. South African Journal of International Affairs, 25(3), 1–19.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10220461.2018.1522275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Nhamo, G., & Nhamo, S. (2017). Gender and geographical balance: With a focus on the UN Secretariat and the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Gender Question, 5(1), 1–21.  https://doi.org/10.25159/2412-8457/2520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Nhamo, G., Muchuru, S., & Nhamo, S. (2018). Women’s needs in new global sustainable development policy agendas. Sustainable Development. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/.  https://doi.org/10.1002/sd.1717/full
  12. Obergassel, W., Mersmann, F., & Wang-Helmreich, H. (2017). Two for one: Integrating the sustainable development agenda with international climate policy. GAIA–Ecological Perspectives on Science and Society, 26(3), 249–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pauw, W. P., Klein, R. J. T., Mbeva, K., Dzebo, A., Cassanmagnago, D., & Rudloff, A. (2018). Beyond headline mitigation numbers: we need more transparent and comparable NDCs to achieve the Paris Agreement on climate change. Climatic Change, 147, 23–29.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-017-2122-xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Sindico, F. (2016). Paris, climate change, and sustainable development. Climate Law., 6, 130–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria. (2015). Intended nationally determined contribution. Algiers: Government Publishers.Google Scholar
  16. UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). (2015). Paris agreement. Bonn: UNFCCC Secretariat.Google Scholar
  17. UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). (1992). United nations framework convention on climate change. Bonn: UNFCCC Secretariat.Google Scholar
  18. United Nations. (2015). Transforming our world: The 2030 agenda for sustainable development. New York: United Nations Secretariat.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Corporate CitizenshipUniversity of South AfricaPretoriaSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations