Advertisement

Triangulated Nexus of Anti-trafficking Enforcement

  • Maria Ravlik
Chapter

Abstract

Part I of the book discusses how certain global factors contribute to the development of main global hindrances to enforcement, which together form triangulated nexus of anti-trafficking enforcement. This chapter presents a closer examination of this nexus, in particular, the relationship between concepts of the nexus and empirical data such as indices of anti-trafficking enforcement.

Keywords

Triangulated nexus of anti-trafficking enforcement Organized crime Human rights violations Corruption 

References

  1. Adamoli, S., Di Nicola, A., Savona, E. U., & Zoffi, P. (1998). Organised crime around the world (Vol. 31). Helsinki: Heuni.Google Scholar
  2. Adams, N. (2003). Anti-trafficking legislation: Protection or deportation? Feminist Review, 73, 135–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Agbu, O. (2003). Corruption and human trafficking: The Nigerian case. West Africa Review, 4(1), 1–13.Google Scholar
  4. Bales, K. (2005). Understanding global slavery. Berkeley: University of California Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cingranelli, D. L., & Richards, D. L. (1999). Measuring the level, pattern, and sequence of government respect for physical integrity rights. International Studies Quarterly, 43(2), 407–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dottridge, M. (2007). Collateral damage. The impact of anti-trafficking measures on human rights around the world. Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women, Bangkok.Google Scholar
  7. Gottfredson, M. R. (1990). A general theory of crime. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Lyday, C. B. (2000). The shadow market in human beings: An anti-corruption perspective. Journal of International Affairs, 53(2), 625.Google Scholar
  9. Malarek, V. (2003). The Natashas: Inside the new global sex trade. New York: Arcade Publishing.Google Scholar
  10. Potrafke, N. (2012). Intelligence and corruption. Economics Letters, 114(1), 109–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Richards, D. L., Gelleny, R. D., & Sacko, D. H. (2001). Money with a mean streak? Foreign economic penetration and government respect for human rights in developing countries. International Studies Quarterly, 45(2), 219–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Skeldon, R. (2000). Trafficking: A perspective from Asia. International Migration, 38(3), 7–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Stoecker, S. (2000). The rise in human trafficking and the role of organized crime. Demokratizatsiya, 8(1), 129–144.Google Scholar
  14. Studnicka, A. C. S. (2010). Corruption and human trafficking in Brazil: Findings from a multi-modal approach. European Journal of Criminology, 7(1), 29–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Surtees, R. (2008). Traffickers and trafficking in Southern and Eastern Europe: Considering the other side of human trafficking. European Journal of Criminology, 5(1), 39–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tanagho, J. (2006). New Illinois legislation combats modern-day slavery: A comparative analysis of Illinois anti-trafficking law with its federal and state counterparts. Loyola University Chicago Law Journal, 38, 895.Google Scholar
  17. The US Department of State. (2001–2014). Trafficking in Persons report. Retrieved from https://2009-2017.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt//index.htm.
  18. The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-386).Google Scholar
  19. United Nations Human Settlements Programme. (2007). Enhancing urban safety and security: Global report on human settlements 2007. Earthscan.Google Scholar
  20. Van Dijk, J. (2007). Mafia markers: Assessing organized crime and its impact upon societies. Trends in Organized Crime, 10(4), 39–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Väyrynen, R. (2003). Illegal immigration, human trafficking, and organized crime (WIDER Discussion Papers No. 2003/72). World Institute for Development Economics (UNU-WIDER).Google Scholar
  22. Wood, R. M., & Gibney, M. (2010). The Political Terror Scale (PTS): A re-introduction and a comparison to CIRI. Human Rights Quarterly, 32(2), 367–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Ravlik
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for the Study of DemocracyLeuphana UniversityLüneburgGermany

Personalised recommendations