Securitization in Protracted Conflict Environments: A Theoretical Perspective
This chapter presents the theoretical framework of the book based on the limitations and underdeveloped areas of the securitization as presented in Chapter 1. Specifically, the focus is on the importance of pivotal events and the subsequent unchallenged periods, which result in the development of routinized, and frequently institutionalization, securitization. Furthermore, it presents two new concepts, namely horizontal and bottom-up securitization, and their importance in the conflict-ridden social context where the audiences have a much more important role to play than simply being the ‘judges’ of successful or unsuccessful securitizing acts. Lastly, the theoretical contribution extends in the field of visual securitization in protracted conflicts and how images can have a particularly important impact due to their ability to act as stark reminders of the threats that already dominate the environment.
KeywordsPivotal events Routinized securitization Institutionalized securitization Bottom-up securitization Horizontal securitization Audience role
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