“What We Do Defines Us”: ScarJo as War Machine

  • William Brown
  • David H. Fleming


William Brown and David H. Fleming investigate how Johansson’s image works to signify who counts as human, inhuman and posthuman in the science fiction worlds in which she appears. Brown and Fleming consider a range of texts that associate Johansson with technology—including The Island (Michael Bay, 2005), Under the Skin (Jonathan Glazer, 2013) and Her (Spike Jonze, 2013)—but focus chiefly on the live action film of cult manga Ghost in the Shell (Rupert Sanders, 2017). Brown and Fleming consider how the film deploys Johansson’s image to promote violence, white supremacy and the violent dehumanisation of others.

Works Cited

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Brown
    • 1
  • David H. Fleming
    • 2
  1. 1.University of RoehamptonLondonUK
  2. 2.Media and Culture DivisionUniversity of StirlingStirlingScotland, UK

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