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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Intimate Partner Violence, and Trauma-Informed Intervention

  • Ohad Gilbar
  • Katherine E. Gnall
  • Hannah E. Cole
  • Casey T. TaftEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Comprehensive Approach to Psychiatry book series (CAP, volume 1)

Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with intimate partner violence (IPV) across a range of populations. This chapter summarizes theoretical models attempting to explain these associations, with an emphasis on social information processing models that describe how trauma impacts the ways in which we interpret and process our social worlds, core themes that may underlie trauma and abusive behavior, and emotion regulation difficulties. Possible mediators and moderators of this relationship are also discussed, including traumatic brain injury (TBI), neuropsychological deficits, substance use, depressive symptoms, and relationship conflict. Finally, we describe the literature on IPV interventions. While the literature is characterized by a lack of randomized controlled trials, small treatment effects, and flawed research designs, more promising trauma-informed intervention approaches are emerging that provide some reason for optimism.

Keywords

Posttraumatic stress disorder Intimate partner violence Social information processing Trauma-informed intervention IPV intervention 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ohad Gilbar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Katherine E. Gnall
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Hannah E. Cole
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Casey T. Taft
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Boston University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  2. 2.VA Boston Healthcare SystemBostonUSA
  3. 3.National Center for PTSD, Behavioral Science DivisionBostonUSA

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