Violence Risk Assessment in Mental Health

  • Liliana LorettuEmail author
  • Alessandra M. A. Nivoli
  • Paolo Milia
  • Giancarlo Nivoli
Part of the Comprehensive Approach to Psychiatry book series (CAP, volume 1)


Violence is a multicausal phenomenon, in which many very different factors come together, having different influences and different consequences. Mental illness is a risk factor for violent behaviour, which is why in the clinical setting there is a need to assess and manage the risk of violence. The tools used are many: clinical, actuarial and structured clinical tools. They provide answers, albeit with significant limitations, to clinical, scientific and epidemiological needs. Risk assessment is accompanied by risk management within a circular model that promotes the exchange of information. This chapter highlights the importance of assessing the risk factors for violent behaviour as well as assessing protection factors and examining four specific areas, namely the patient, the setting, the victim and the emotional reactions.


Violence Risk assessment Risk management Protective factors 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liliana Lorettu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alessandra M. A. Nivoli
    • 1
  • Paolo Milia
    • 1
  • Giancarlo Nivoli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical, Surgical and Experimental SciencesUniversity of Sassari-AOUSassariItaly

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