Probability Measures

  • Sheldon Axler
Open Access
Part of the Graduate Texts in Mathematics book series (GTM, volume 282)


Probability theory has become increasingly important in multiple parts of science. Getting deeply into probability theory requires a full book, not just a chapter. For readers who intend to pursue further studies in probability theory, this chapter gives you a good head start. For readers not intending to delve further into probability theory, this chapter gives you a taste of the subject.

Copyright information

© Sheldon Axler 2020

Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (, which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheldon Axler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsSan Francisco State UniversitySan FranciscoUSA

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