Advertisement

Africa: A Continent of Shortages

  • Ebimo Amungo
Chapter
  • 26 Downloads
Part of the Management for Professionals book series (MANAGPROF)

Abstract

Africa has 60% of the world’s arable land and is endowed with a cornucopia of minerals, yet shortfalls in agricultural production has left several countries needing to import food and vulnerable to food insecurity. African lags behind other regions on most of the metrics of development, wellbeing and self-sufficiency. There is shortage of consumer goods, pharmaceutical and healthcare products, financial services, utilities and infrastructure. Africa’s chronic battle with shortages in rooted in her history, politics and policies. Rapid population growth and urbanization has also had its part in fostering the dire circumstances on the continent.

References

  1. Akyeampong, E. (2018). African socialism; or, the search for an indigenous model of economic development? Economic History of Developing Regions, 33(1), 69–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. AfDB (2018) Africa’s infrastructure: great potential but little impact on inclusive growth. https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/2018AEO/African_Economic_Outlook_2018_-_EN_Chapter3.pdfGoogle Scholar
  3. Austin, G. (2010). African economic development and colonial legacies (Vol. 1, pp. 11–32). Geneva: Institut de Hautes Études Internationales et du Développement.Google Scholar
  4. Austin, G., Frankema, E., & Jerven, M. (2016). Patterns of manufacturing growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: from colonization to the present. Working paper no. 71 CGEH Working Paper Series.Google Scholar
  5. Balchin, N., Gelb, S., Kennan, J., Martin, H., te Velde, D. W., & Williams, C. (2016). Developing export-based manufacturing in Sub-Saharan Africa. London: Overseas Development Institute.Google Scholar
  6. Bucheli, M., & Decker, S. (2012). Economic nationalism in Latin America and Africa in the twentieth century: a comparison. In Business History Conference, Philadelphia. Retrieved January 20, 2017, from http://www.worldbhc.org/files/fullpercent20program/A2_B2_DeckerBucheli2014EconomicnationalismLAandAfrica.pdf.
  7. Calderon, C., Cantu, C., & Chuhan-Pole, P. (2018a). Infrastructure development in Sub-Saharan Africa: A scorecard. Washington, DC: The World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Calderon, C., Cantu, C., & Chuhan-Pole, P. (2018b). Infrastructure development in Sub-Saharan Africa: A scorecard (English). Policy Research working paper; no. WPS 8425. Washington, DC: World Bank Group.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Canning, D., Raja, S., & Yazbeck, A. S. (2015). Africa’s demographic transition: Dividend or disaster? In Africa development forum. Washington, DC: World Bank; and Agence Française de Développement. © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/22036 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.Google Scholar
  10. Dinh, H. T., Palmade, V., Chandra, V., & Cossar, F. (2012). Light manufacturing in Africa: Targeted policies to enhance private investment and create jobs. Washington, DC: The World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2015). Regional overview of food insecurity: African food security prospects brighter than ever. Accra: FAO.Google Scholar
  12. German Historical Institute in London, Stig Forster, Wolfgang J. (1989). Bismarck, Europe, and Africa: The Berlin Africa Conference 1884-1885 and the Onset of Partition. Oxford University Press. GHI (2019) https://www.globalhungerindex.org/results.html.
  13. Hilderink, H. B. M., Brons, J., Ordonez, J., Akinyoade, A., Leliveld, A. H. M., Lucas, P., & Kok, M. T. J. (2012). Food security in sub-Saharan Africa: An explorative study.Google Scholar
  14. Jayne, T., & Ameyaw, S. (2016). Africa’s emerging agricultural transformation: Evidence, opportunities and challenges. In Africa Agriculture Status Report: Progress towards agriculture transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2–20.Google Scholar
  15. Jones, G. (2006). Nationality and multinationals in historical perspective (pp. 06–052). Boston: Division of Research, Harvard Business School.Google Scholar
  16. Kilby, P. (1975). Manufacturing in colonial Africa. In L. H. Gann & P. Duignan (Eds.), Colonialism in Africa, 1870–1960 (The economics of colonialism, 1870–1960) (Vol. 4, pp. 470–520). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Logistics Performance Index (2014). https://lpi.worldbank.org/international/global/2014
  18. McGowan, P. J. (2003). African military coups d’état, 1956–2001: Frequency, trends and distribution. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 41(3), 339–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mendes, A. P. F., Bertella, M. A., & Teixeira, R. F. (2014). Industrialization in sub-Saharan Africa and import substitution policy. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, 34(1), 120–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nellis, J. (2005). Privatization in Africa: What has happened? What is to be done?Google Scholar
  21. Nsiah-Gyabaah, K. (2003) Urbanization, environmental degradation and food security in Africa. In: The Open Meeting of the Global Environmental Change Research Community.Google Scholar
  22. Paulson, J. A., & Gavin, M. (1999). The changing role of the state in formerly-socialist economies of Africa. In African economies in transition (pp. 11–65). London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rakotoarisoa, M., Iafrate, M., & Paschali, M. (2011). Why has Africa become a net food importer? Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
  24. Ramachandran, V., Gelb, A. H., & Shah, M. K. (2009). Africa’s private sector: What’s wrong with the business environment and what to do about it. London: CGD Books.Google Scholar
  25. Richards, P., Reardon, T., Tschirley, D., Jayne, T., Oehmke, J., & Atwood, D. (2016). Cities and the future of agriculture and food security: A policy and programmatic roundtable. Food Security, 8(4), 871–877. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-016-0597-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sy, A. N. R., & Gutman, J. (2015). Financing African infrastructure: Can the world deliver? Washington, DC: Brookings Institute.Google Scholar
  27. Tschirley, D. L., Snyder, J., Dolislager, M., Reardon, T., Haggblade, S., Goeb, J., ... & Meyer, F. (2015). Africa’s unfolding diet transformation: implications for agrifood system employment. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 5(2), 102–136.Google Scholar
  28. UNECA (1971). The multinational corporation in africa. http://repository.uneca.org/bitstream/handle/10855/8941/Bib-49429.pdf?sequence=1
  29. UNIDO. (2013). World Manufacturing Production Statistics for Quarter IV.Google Scholar
  30. United Nations. (2015). Financing Africa’s infrastructure development. Policy Brief 2015.Google Scholar
  31. World Bank. (2011). Handbook on Infrastructure Statistics “World Bank Guarantee Program. Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://web.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64143540&pagePK=64143532&piPK=64143559&theSitePK=3985219.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ebimo Amungo
    • 1
  1. 1.Amungo Consulting LimitedAbujaNigeria

Personalised recommendations