From the interpretation of the three historical project case studies projects, the authors using modern terminology, develop twelve significant lessons from their understanding of the key drivers of transformation and project management success. They map these to contemporary digital transformation projects so that contemporary methods and approaches can be enhanced. The authors revisit the challenges of digital transformation and how to adapt project management to meet this challenge. They present a discussion on why project management is more significant than operations management in transformations (digital and business). They conclude with recommendations for the further examination of historical transformation projects in contemporary practice so as to enhance contemporary transformation method and approaches, with priorities and principles for project management.
KeywordsDefining lessons Transformation projects Key drivers Contemporary methods and approaches
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