Social and Environmental Impacts of Mining

  • Victoria R. Nalule


Mining activities are associated with various social, economic and environmental impacts. Economically, they contribute to government revenue and employ a significant number of people. There are however some social negative impacts associated with mining including violence, child labour, escalation of gender inequalities, health and environmental effects including deforestation and pollution. In this section, the focus will be on artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM). However, environmental impacts of industrial sand mining will be explored.


Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Social impacts of mining Environmental impacts of mining Sand mining Health and safety in mining Violence in mining Child labor in mining ASM formalisation Climate change Mine rehabilitation 


Laws and International Instruments

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victoria R. Nalule
    • 1
  1. 1.CEPMLP, University of DundeeDundeeUK

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