What Are Assumptions?

  • Apollo M. Nkwake


Although the pertinence of implicit assumptions is underlined in theory-based evaluations, the nature of these assumptions has rarely been discussed. To understand the nature of underlying assumptions, it is necessary to review the notion of assumptions in general and their remarkable role in the generation of knowledge. This chapter discusses the nature of assumptions and groups them into ten categories according to Brookfield (Becoming a critically reflective teacher. Jossey Bass, San Francisco, CA, 1995) and according to the degree of articulation.


Definition of assumptions Types of assumptions Paradigmatic assumptions Prescriptive assumptions Causal assumptions Degree of articulation Explicit assumptions Implicit assumptions 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Apollo M. Nkwake
    • 1
  1. 1.Questions LLCMarylandUSA

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