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Nutrient Composition and Bioactive Components of the Migratory Locust (Locusta migratoria)

  • Suzy Munir SalamaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The present chapter concerns the nutrient content and the biologically active compounds of the migratory locust (Locusta migratoria) as one of the mostly consumable edible insect in many countries. Studies showed that the body of Locusta migratoria contains appreciable concentration of proteins, monosaturated and polysaturated fatty acids, fibre, vitamins and minerals, and can provide humans with the calories required in comparison with the traditional foodstuff as beef, chicken and pork. Additionally, the body of the migratory locust contains biologically active compounds such as chitin, retinol, vitamin D, vitamin B12, variety of carotenoids and antioxidant peptides that can protect against many ailments such as chronic kidney and neurodegenerative disorders, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and skin problems. Moreover, it was found that the dry matter of Locusta migratoria has antioxidant activity against oxidative stress via the ability to chelate metal ions recording the highest chelating capacity to copper ions. Researchers proved that the nutrient composition and the bioactive compound constituents of the migratory insect’s body vary according to the diet as well as the developmental stages of the insect.

Keywords

Locusta migratoria Nutrients Bioactive ingredients 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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