Advertisement

Treatment of Industrial Alkaline Solid Wastes Using Carbon Dioxide

  • Maisa El GamalEmail author
  • Abdel-Mohsen Mohamed
  • Suhaib Hameedi
Conference paper
  • 24 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) is an effective method of reducing CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. In this study, improved mineral carbonation is evaluated as a potential for CCS, where CO2 is sequestered in a permanent stable carbonated form. Raw materials were selected from the UAE industrial residues like steel-making, cement and acetylene production because they have calcium-rich content as calcium oxide and/or calcium silicate, which have the potential to store CO2 in the form of permanently stable carbonate minerals. The solid particles were pre-treated, then subjected to direct gas–solid carbonation reaction. Gas analyzer was installed at the output stream of the testing unit to measure the concentration of unreacted CO2 consequently, and calculate CO2 captured by the difference between the initial and final concentration. The carbonated products were characterized using pH, conductivity, TDS, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) to determine the overall sequestration capacity and efficiency of these waste materials for CCS. Based on the total calcium content, the calculated sequestration of CO2 was: 0.27 kg CO2/kg-ladle furnace (LF) slag, 0.72 kg CO2/kg cement kiln dust (CKD) and 0.58 kg CO2/kg carbide lime waste (CLW).

Keywords

Mineral carbonation Carbon capture and storage Product thermal Chemical stability 

References

  1. Benson, S. M., & Orr, F. M. (2008). Carbon dioxide capture and storage. MRS Bulletin, 33(4), 303–305.  https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2008.63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Davison, J. (2007). Performance and costs of power plants with capture and storage of CO2. Energy, 32(7), 1163–1176 (2007).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2006.07.039.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. El-Naas, M. H., El Gamal, M., Hameedi, S., & Mohamed, A. M. O. (2015). CO2 sequestration using accelerated gas-solid carbonation of pre-treated EAF steel-making bag house dust. Journal of Environmental Management, 156, 218–224 (2015).Google Scholar
  4. El-Naas, M. H., Mohammad, A. F., Suleiman, M. I., Al Musharfy, M., & Al-Marzouqi, A. H. (2017). Evaluation of a novel gas-liquid contactor/reactor system for natural gas applications. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 39, 133–142.Google Scholar
  5. Fricker, K. J., & Park, A. H. A. (2013). Effect of H2O on Mg(OH)2 carbonation pathways for combined CO2 capture and storage. Chemical Engineering Science, 100, 332–341.Google Scholar
  6. Ganopolski, A., Winkelmann, R., & Schellnhuber, H. J. (2016). Critical insolation CO2 relation for diagnosing past and future glacial inception. Nature, 200–529 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1038/nature16494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Herzog, H., & Golomb, D. (2004). Carbon capture and storage from fossil fuel use. In C. J. Cleveland (Ed.), Encyclopedia of energy (pp. 277–287). New York: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  8. Huijgen, W. J. J., & Comans, R. N. J. (2005). Carbon dioxide sequestration by mineral carbonation. Literature review update 2003–2004. Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands ECN.Google Scholar
  9. Huijgen, W. J. J., & Comans, R. N. J. (2005). Mineral CO2 sequestration by carbonation of industrial residues: Literature review and selection of residue. Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands ECN-C–05-074. Petten, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  10. Huijgen, W., Witkamp, G.-J., & Comans, R. (2005). Mineral CO2 sequestration in alkaline solid residues. In E. S. R. W. K. F. G. Wilson & T. M. G. Thambimuthu (Eds.), Greenhouse gas control technologies 7 (pp. 2415–2418). Oxford: Elsevier Science Ltd.Google Scholar
  11. Lackner, K. S., Wendt, C. H., Butt, D. P., Joyce, E. L., Jr., & Sharp, D. H. (1995). Carbon dioxide disposal in carbonate minerals. Energy, 20(11), 1153–1170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0360-5442(95)00071-N.
  12. Mohamed, A. M. O., & El Gamal, M. M. (2011). Method for treating cement kiln dust. In Google patents.Google Scholar
  13. Mohamed, A. M. O., & El Gamal, M. M. (2014). Method for treating particulate material. In Google patents.Google Scholar
  14. Olajire, A. A. (2013). A review of mineral carbonation technology in sequestration of CO2. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 109, 364–392. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2013.03.013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Steinour, H. H. (1959). Some effects of carbon dioxide on mortars and concrete-discussion. Journal of the American Concrete Institute, 30(2), 905–907.Google Scholar
  16. Wang, X., & Maroto-Valer, M. (2011). Integration of CO2 capture and storage based on pH-swing mineral carbonation using recyclable ammonium salts. Energy Procedia, 4, 4930–4936. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.462.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maisa El Gamal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdel-Mohsen Mohamed
    • 1
  • Suhaib Hameedi
    • 1
  1. 1.Zayed UniversityAbu DhabiUnited Arab Emirates

Personalised recommendations