Sustainable Energy Development and Nuclear Energy Legislation in the UAE

  • Evan K. PaleologosEmail author
  • Abdel-Mohsen O. Mohamed
  • Eric Canal-Forgues
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


The MENA region has been experiencing the highest population growth rate in the world since the last century. Concomitantly, energy needs in the region are projected to exceed 50% of the current demand in the upcoming two decades. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has become the newest addition to the countries that utilize nuclear energy for electricity production. For MENA countries, UAE constitutes the model in operational and regulatory actions in their pursuit of nuclear power. UAE’s principles of transparency, nonproliferation, safety, and security, as well as its willingness to provide full operational access to international organizations, have been the key factors for this development. This study analyzes UAE’s regulatory framework with the emphasis on the organizational structure of FANR, the country’s nuclear regulatory body. Comparisons are made with USA and France, which have mature institutional structures and suggestions are provided for improving FANR’s organizational chart. Our article also discusses issues of independence and accountability of regulatory bodies, pertinent to MENA countries’ agencies.


The United Arab Emirates Nuclear energy regulations Nuclear regulatory agency 



The first author would like to acknowledge the support of Abu Dhabi University’s Office of Research through the internal grants cost centers 19300219 and 19300293. The authors would also like to thank two anonymous reviewers for their suggestions.


  1. Autorité De Sûreté Nucléaire (ASN) (French Authority of Nuclear Security) About ASN. Activities Monitored by ASN. (2018a). Accessed 25 Aug 2018
  2. Autorité De Sûreté Nucléaire (ASN) (French Authority of Nuclear Security) The ASN Organization. (2018b). Accessed 25 Aug 2018
  3. Çetin, T., Sobaci, M.Z., Nergeleҫekenler, M.: Independence and accountability of independent regulatory agencies: the case of Turkey. Eur. J. Law Econ. (2013). Scholar
  4. Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation (ENEC): Powering the Future. ENEC booklet, p. 35 (2017)Google Scholar
  5. ENEC International Advisory Board (IAB): Sixteenth Semi-Annual Report 2017. (2017). Accessed 14 Sep 2018
  6. Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation: Barakah Nuclear Energy Plant. (2018). Accessed 7 Sept 2018
  7. Environment Agency-Abu Dhabi (EAD): Annual Report 2017, p. 60. (2017). Accessed 14 Sep 2018
  8. FANR Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation: Annual Report 2017. (2017). Accessed 15 Sept 2018
  9. FANR Federal Auhority for Nuclear Regulation: FANR Management & Org Chart. (2018a). Accessed 28 Sept 2018Google Scholar
  10. FANR Federal Auhority for Nuclear Regulation: FANR Signs Memoranda of Understanding with France. (2018b). Accessed 1 Oct 2018
  11. Fichtner. M.: MENA Regional Water Outlook, Part II: Desalination Using Renewable Energy, Final report, Task 2-Energy Requirement, p. 280 (2011)Google Scholar
  12. IAEA: Computer Security in Nuclear Facilities, Reference Manual. IAEA Nuclear Securities Series No. 17 Technical Guidance. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, p. 69 (2011)Google Scholar
  13. Maggetti, M., Ingold, K., Varone, F.: Having your cake and eating it, too: Can regulatory agencies be both independent and accontable? Swiss Polit. Sci. Rev. 19(1), 1–25 (2015). Scholar
  14. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development): Creating a Culture of Independence: Practical Guidance against Undue Influence, The Governance of Regulators, p. 37. OECD Publishing, Paris, France (2017). Accessed 11 Sept 2018
  15. Oxford Business Group: The Report Abu Dhabi 2017, p. 332 (2017)Google Scholar
  16. SCAD: Population and demography. In: Statistical Yearbook of Abu Dhabi 2016, Chapter 3, pp. 112–143. Abu Dhabi, UAE: Statistics Center Abu Dhabi (2016)Google Scholar
  17. The House of Lords UK: The Regulatory State: Ensuring its Accountability, Volume I Report. House of Lords, Select Committee on the Constitution, 6th Report of Session 2003–04, pp. 98 (2004)Google Scholar
  18. UAE Government: Policy of the United Arab Emirates on the Evaluation and Potential Development of Peaceful Nuclear Energy, p. 15. UAE Government White Paper (2008)Google Scholar
  19. UAE Government: UAE Federal Law by Decree No. 6 of 2009 Concerning the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. (2009). Accessed 23 July 2018
  20. UAE Government: UAE National Report For the Review Meeting of the Convention on Nuclear Safety March/April 2017, p. 115 (2017)Google Scholar
  21. United Arab Emirates Ministry of Energy: UAE State of Energy Report 2017, p. 219 (2017)Google Scholar
  22. United Arab Emirates Ministry of Environment & Water: State of Environment Report United Arab Emirates 2015, p. 57 (2015)Google Scholar
  23. U.S. Department of State: U.S. Bilateral Agreements For Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation Pursuant to Section 123 of the U.S. Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as Amended. (2017). Accessed 7 Sept 2018
  24. U.S. NRC: The Commission. (2018a). Accessed 4 Oct 2018
  25. U.S. NRC: Governing Legislation. (2018b). Accessed 11 Sept, 2018
  26. U.S. NRC: NUREG-Series Publications. (2018c). Accessed 11 Sept 2018
  27. World Nuclear Association: Nuclear Power in the United Arab Emirates. (2018). Accessed 20 Aug 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evan K. Paleologos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdel-Mohsen O. Mohamed
    • 2
  • Eric Canal-Forgues
    • 3
  1. 1.Abu Dhabi UniversityAbu DhabiUAE
  2. 2.Zayed UniversityAbu DhabiUAE
  3. 3.Paris-Sorbonne University Abu DhabiAbu DhabiUAE

Personalised recommendations