3D Non-stationary Wideband UAV Channel Model for A2G Communications

  • Hao Jiang
  • Guan Gui
Part of the Wireless Networks book series (WN)


In this chapter, we propose a novel 3D MIMO channel model to describe the air-to-ground (A2G) communication environments. The model introduces the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) transmitter and ground MR located at the foci points of the boundary ellipsoid, while different ellipsoids represent the propagation properties for different time delays. In light of this, we are able to investigate the propagation properties of the A2G channel model for different time delays. Furthermore, the time-varying parameters of azimuth angle of departure (AAoD), elevation angle of departure (EAoD), azimuth angle of arrival (AAoA), and elevation angle of arrival (EAoA) are derived to properly describe the channel non-stationarity, which is caused by the motion of the UAV transmitter, cluster, and MR. The impacts of the movement properties of the cluster in both the azimuth and elevation planes are investigated on the channel characteristics, i.e., spatial cross-correlation functions (CCFs), temporal autocorrelation functions (ACFs), Doppler power spectrum density (PSD), and power delay profiles (PDPs).


3D MIMO channel model A2G communication environments Unmanned aerial vehicle Channel non-stationarity Channel characteristics 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao Jiang
    • 1
  • Guan Gui
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Electronic and Information EngineeringNanjing University of Information Science and TechnologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.College of Telecommunications and Information EngineeringNanjing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsNanjingChina

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