Quantitative Study of Legitimacy in Slovenian Prisons
The quantitative part of the study involved the surveying of prison workers and prisoners in all Slovenian prisons and the correctional home. The sample of prisoners (328) presents 29.5% of the average number of prisoners in 2016. Prisoners’ perception of legitimacy correlates with: (1) procedural justice; (2) distributive justice; (3) relations with the prison staff; (4) trust in authority; (5) effectiveness of the prison staff; (6) relations with other prisoners; (7) age; and (8) the prison regime. The sample of prison workers (243) presents 28.6% of the average of prison workers in 2016. Self-legitimacy of the prison staff correlates with: (1) relations with colleagues; (2) supervisors’ procedural justice; (3) relations with prisoners; (4) audience legitimacy; (5) subculture of the prison staff; (6) satisfaction with compensation; (7) education; and (8) age. Moreover, stress, relations with colleagues, gender, years of service, family status, self-legitimacy, and relations with prisoners influence prison officers’ willingness to use force upon prisoners.
KeywordsLegitimacy Self-legitimacy Justice Trust Effectiveness Subculture Prison regime
- Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Ltd.Google Scholar
- Rubin, D. B. (2004). Multiple imputation for nonresponse in surveys. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Uprava Republike Slovenije za izvrševanje kazenskih sankcij [URSIKS]. (2017). Letno poročilo 2016. Ljubljana: Uprava Republike Slovenije za izvrševanje kazenskih sankcij.Google Scholar