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Prison Actors

  • Rok HacinEmail author
  • Gorazd Meško
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Criminology book series (BRIEFSCRIMINOL)

Abstract

Prison is a complex organizational environment featuring numerous actors. In general, two highly distinctive groups of prison actors are present in modern prisons: prisoners and prison workers. The first group is represented, in most countries, by prisoners, remand prisoners, prisoners sentenced for a misdemeanor, prisonerssentenced to substitute prison, and juvenile prisoners. Prisoners who represent the largest group are in the role of subordinates, which prevents them from influencing the decision-making process in prison. Simultaneously, they present an audience that evaluates the eligibility of prison workers’ authority and legitimacy of their position in the prison setting. The second group comprises the management (prison facility directors and heads of departments), specialized workers (social pedagogues, pedagogues, social workers, psychologists, sociologists, labor instructors, and health and medical technicians), and prison officers (heads of security and prison officers). They represent the authority in prison, and hold a position of power-holder that depends on the prisoners’ recognition of legitimacy and perception of their legitimacy.

Keywords

Prisoners Subordinates Audience Prison workers Power-holder 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Criminal Justice and SecurityUniversity of MariborMariborSlovenia

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