Advertisement

Rainfall Trend Analysis in the Upper Citarum River Basin, Indonesia

  • EnungEmail author
  • Iwan K. Hadihardaja
  • M. Syahril Badri Kusuma
  • Hadi Kardhana
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 53)

Abstract

Changes in rainfall pattern due to climate change have an impact on streamflow. Extreme rainfall has triggered an annual increase in flooding in the Upper Citarum River Basin. The present study, 18 years (1998–2016) of daily rainfall data at sixteen rain gauge stations was used to identify trends of the annual rainfall, annual maximum 24-h precipitation, and number of a rainy day at the Upper Citarum river basin, Indonesia. The non-parametric statistical test by Mann-Kendall (MK) test and the Sen’s slope estimator were applied to assess the trend of data and the magnitude of the slope. According to the MK test (S value) that approximately 75% of all station tend to increase for rainfall data. Meanwhile, related to Z value at a 95% confidence level, the trend of annual rainfall was increasing significantly in Cipeusing and Cipaku/Paseh stations, while Cisondari station shows a decreasing trend. 50% of the selected stations show a significant trend of the maximum daily rainfall, five stations namely Cicalengka, Cileunca, Rancaekek, Cipeusing, and Cipaku/Paseh stations tend to rise, while Cisondari and Lembang Meteo stations were reduced. Furthermore, Cipaku/Paseh station shows a significant upward trend for number of rainy day, in contrast with 15 stations, which indicate no significant trend of data.

Keywords

Trend Rainfall The Mann-Kendall test The Sen’s slope estimator Upper Citarum river basin 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank LPDP-Ministry of the Finance Republic of Indonesia for awarded BUDI-DN scholarship for a Doctoral Program, and Directorate-General for Research and Development, KEMENRISTEK-DIKTI Indonesia for supporting the research under the Doctoral Dissertation Research Grant 2019 with grant number 2/E1/KP.PTNBH/2019.

References

  1. 1.
    Azmeri, Hadihardaja IK, Vadiya R (2016) Identification of flash flood hazard zones in mountainous small watershed of Aceh Besar Regency, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Egypt J Remote Sens Sp Sci 19:143–160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrs.2015.11.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gedefaw M, Yan D, Wang H et al (2018) Innovative trend analysis of annual and seasonal rainfall variability in Amhara regional state, Ethiopia. Atmosphere (Basel) 9Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hamed KH, Rao AR (1998) Modified Mann-Kendall trend test for autocorrelated data. J Hydrol 204:182–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Harlan D, Hadihardaja IK, Adi Kuntoro A, Enung, Faturachman D (2018) Derivation of the critical rainfall level needed for an early flood warning in the Upper Citarum river basin Indonesia. Int J GEOMATE 14:167–174. https://doi.org/10.21660/2018.43.50926
  5. 5.
    Hatmoko W, Triweko RW, Hadihardaja IK (2018) Hydrological drought intensity and stress in the Pemali-Comal river basin. In: Proceedings-international association for hydro-environment engineering and research (IAHR)-asia pacific division (APD), vol 15, Issue:2018-09-01. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia, pp 667–675Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jiménez BE, Arnell NW, Cogley JG, Döll P (2014) Freshwater resources WGII in AR5. In: Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: global and sectoral aspects. Contribution of working group II to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change, pp 229–269Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    John AS, Brema J (2018) Rainfall trend analysis by Mann-Kendall test for Vamanapuram river basin. Int J Civ Eng Technol 9:1549–1556Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kuntoro AA, Syahril MBK, Enung (2018) Low flow trend in Upper Citarum river basin. In: International seminar of “NIT, Gifu College” and partner universities—environmental sustainability, disaster prevention and reduction, and engineering education, pp 1–9, Gifu, Japan, 18–19 Mar 2018Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kusuma MSB, Kuntoro AA, Silasari R (2011) Preparedness effort toward climate change adaptation in Upper Citarum river basin, West Java, Indonesia. Internet J Soc Soc Manag SystGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Legowo S, Hadihardaja IK, Haji TS, Enung (2019) Application of digital elevation method (DEM) for flood estimation on Upstream Ciliwung river, West Java, Indonesia. Int J GEOMATE 17:154–165. https://doi.org/10.21660/2019.59.30379
  11. 11.
    Mondal A, Kundu S, Mukhopadhyay A (2012) Case study 70 rainfall trend analysis by Mann-Kendall test: a case study of north-eastern part of Cuttack district, Orissa. Online Int J 2:70–78Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ngozi Isioma I (2019) Non-parametric Mann-Kendall test statistics for rainfall trend analysis in some selected states within the coastal region of Nigeria. J Civ Constr Environ Eng 3:17Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nurcahyo H, Soekarno I, Hadihardaja IK, Rosyidie A (2017) Development flow duration curve for criticality assessment of river basin applied at the Upper Citarum river basin, Indonesia. Int J GEOMATE 13:46–53. https://doi.org/10.21660/2017.39.98214
  14. 14.
    Pandit DV (2016) Seasonal rainfall trend analysis. J Eng Res Appl 6:69–73. www.ijera.com
  15. 15.
    Saefulloh DF, Hadihardaja IK, Harlan D (2018) Modeling of triangular unit hydrographs using an artificial neural network in a tropical river basin. Int J GEOMATE 15:2186–2990. https://doi.org/10.21660/2018.51.75472
  16. 16.
    Sarminingsih A, Soekarno I, Hadihardaja IK, Kusuma MSB (2014) Flood vulnerability assessment of Upper Citarum River Basin, West Java, Indonesia. Int J Appl Eng Res 9:22921–22940Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Thenmozhi M, Kottiswaran SV (2016) Analysis of rainfall trend using Mann-Kendall test and the Sen’s slope estimator in Udumalpet of Tirupur district in Tamil Nadu. Int J Agric Sci ResGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wu S-J, Tung Y-K, Yang J-C (2009) Incorporating daily rainfall to derive at-site hourly depth-duration-frequency relationships. J Hydrol Eng 14:992–1001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yeh CF, Wang J, Yeh HF, Lee CH (2015) Spatial and temporal streamflow trends in northern Taiwan. Water (Switzerland) 7:634–651Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enung
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Iwan K. Hadihardaja
    • 1
  • M. Syahril Badri Kusuma
    • 1
  • Hadi Kardhana
    • 1
  1. 1.Water Resources Research Group, Faculty of Civil and Environmental EngineeringInstitut Teknologi BandungBandungIndonesia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringPoliteknik Negeri BandungBandungIndonesia

Personalised recommendations