Advertisement

Carbon Footprint Analysis of Industrialised Building System in Malaysia

  • Yih Yoong Lip
  • Fang Yenn TeoEmail author
  • Ioannes Yu Hoe Tang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 53)

Abstract

The topic on sustainability of Industrialised Building System (IBS) in the construction industry of Malaysia is always debatable and questionable. This study is carried out to determine the carbon footprint of a typical commercial project with the application of IBS. In this paper, IBS is classified to aluminium formwork system and fully precast concrete structure. The carbon footprint is quantified with life cycle assessment (LCA) of the building dividing into production phase of materials, transportation phase and construction phase. Whereas the study adopted data of embodied carbon of materials and carbon emission factor from reliable external source to estimate the total carbon emission of the project with the application of IBS. The outcome of carbon footprint is compared with conventional building method to identify the sustainability of each building method. Based on the data analysis, the application of precast concrete has the lowest carbon footprint as compared to cast-in situ with aluminium formwork and timber formwork. Although the carbon emission from the transportation of precast concrete elements is relatively high, but the overall carbon footprint is still the lowest among the other building method. The amount of carbon emission of the commercial project with IBS construction is 0.342 tonnes \({\text{CO}}_{2}\) per meter square. The production of construction materials that contributed the most to the carbon footprint is concrete, followed by steel rebar and formwork. The findings in this study is very useful for future research on carbon footprint of construction in Malaysia. The study also helps to raise awareness towards sustainable construction with the application of IBS in Malaysia.

Keywords

Carbon footprint Industrialised building system Life cycle assessment 

References

  1. 1.
    Edgeprop.my (2019) Economic report 2019: construction sector to grow at moderate pace. (online) Available at: https://www.edgeprop.my/content/1440914/economic-report-2019-construction-sector-grow-moderate-pace. Accessed 21 Jun 2019
  2. 2.
    Data.worldbank.org (2019) CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) | Data (online) Available at: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.ATM.CO2E.PC?view=chart. Accessed 21 Jun 2019
  3. 3.
    Mydin MO, Sani N, Taib M (2014) industrialised building system in Malaysia: a review. In: MATEC web of conferences vol 10, p 01002Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nyari J (2015) Carbon footprint of construction products—a comparison of application of individual environmental product declarations and building information modelling software vol 28, pp 1–28Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hammond G, Jones C (2008) Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials. Proc Inst Civil Eng Energy 161(2):87–98Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hammond G, Jones C (2008) Inventory of embodied carbon and energy (ICE) Ver.1.6a. University of Bath, UKGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Li L, Chen K (2016) Quantitative assessment of carbon dioxide emissions in construction projects: a case study in Shenzhen. J Cleaner Prod 141:394–408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhang Z, Wu X, Yang X, Zhu Y (2006) BEPAS—a life cycle building environmental performance assessment model. Build Environ 41(5):669–675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Peng C (2016) Calculation of a Building’s life cycle carbon emissions based on Ecotect and building information modelling. J Cleaner Prod 112:453–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhang X, Shen L, Zhang L (2013) Life cycle assessment of the air emissions during building construction process: a case study in Hong Kong. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 17:160–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lim P, Yahya K, Aminudin E, Zakaria R, Haron Z, Mohamad Zin R, Redzuan A (2017) Carbon footprint of construction using industrialised building System. IOP conference series: materials science and engineering, 271CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yih Yoong Lip
    • 1
  • Fang Yenn Teo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ioannes Yu Hoe Tang
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science and EngineeringUniversity of NottinghamSemenyihMalaysia

Personalised recommendations