Oil Palm Frond (OPF) Based Activated Carbon for Leachate Treatment

  • N. H. Adam
  • M. S. YusoffEmail author
  • H. Halim
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 53)


This research focuses on the application of activated carbon made from oil palm frond (OPF) to treat landfill leachate. The studies were performed in batches to investigate the effect of adsorbent dosage and contact time in removing COD, color, and iron (Fe) from Pulau Burung Sanitary Landfill (PBSL) leachate. Significant parameters such as COD, colour, and iron (Fe) were measured using the USEPA Digestion Method, Platinum-Cobalt Standard Method, and Atomic Analyzer Spectroscopy (AAS), respectively. The chemical and physical characteristics of the f the adsorbent were determined by Scanning Electron Spectroscopy (SEM), Elementary Diffraction X-ray (EDX), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR). Results obtained shows the presence of nanopores (412.1–994.6 nm) and oxygen elements (16.76%) on AC’s surface. BET and micropore surface area were 1357.258 and 384.621 m2/g respectively, while pore volume was 0.191 cm3/g. Hydroxyl functional groups were also observed from FTIR analysis. The characteristics of AC prepared resulted in high removal of COD, color, and iron (Fe) were 82.52, 80.25, and 59.25%. This study concluded that AC produced from OPF with phosphoric acid modification is highly potential for adsorption in leachate treatment.


Activated carbon Oil palm frond Leachate 



The authors gratefully acknowledge RUI Grant, number: 1001/PAWAM/8014021 for funding this research.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil EngineeringUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia

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