The Influence of Type and Combination of Polycarboxylate-Based (PCE) Superplasticizer on the Rheological Properties and Setting Behaviours of the Self-consolidating Concrete Containing GGBS and DSF

  • Chow Wee KangEmail author
  • Cheah Chee Ban
  • Oo Chuan Wei
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 53)


This paper is focus on the influence of the type and combined use of polycarboxylate-based (PCE) superplasticizer of fresh properties and the setting behaviour of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) incorporating ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) and densified silica fume (DSF) as primary binder phase prepared at low water-to-binder (w/b) ratio. The MPEG, a fixed dosage of TPEG type of PCE superplasticizer and blend of MPEG and TPEG PCE were used as superplasticizer compound of the HPSCC. The assessment on fresh properties of the HPSCC includes slump-flow test (T500), L-box, and sieve segregation test. In addition, the effect of the various type and combinations of the PCE superplasticizer on the initial and final setting of the SCC were compared. The results obtained indicated that the blend of MPEG and TPEG PCE exhibited negative effect on the fresh properties of the SCC by increasing the water demand to achieve a similar workability as individual use of MPEG and TPEG PCE. Meanwhile, it was observed that the combination of MPEG and TPEG PCE has reduced the retarding effect on the binder phase hydration.


High performance self-consolidating concrete GGBS DSF PCE MPEG TPEG 



The research described in this paper was financially supported by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) and Ministry of Education (Department of Higher Education) under the Science Fund (Ref. 06-01-05-SF0848) and Prototype Research Fund (Ref. PRGS/1/2017/TK06/USM/02/1).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chow Wee Kang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cheah Chee Ban
    • 2
  • Oo Chuan Wei
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Housing, Building and PlanningUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Chemical SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia

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