Advertisement

A Review on the Government’s Way Forward Policy Towards Environmental Sustainability Construction Projects in Malaysia by 2020

  • Nurul U‘lyani Mohd Najib
  • Farid Ezanee Mohamed GhazaliEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 53)

Abstract

Major flood experience in 2014 has served as one of the reminders to the Malaysian government to start building the nation’s resilience towards sustaining the impact of unexpected natural disasters. For that, the Construction Industry Transformation Plan (CITP) 2016–2020 has been established and introduced to shift the construction industry “business as usual” to a more robust “moving forward” approach by focusing on transforming the current construction industry in Malaysia into environmentally sustainable construction industry. The aim of this review paper is to identify the types of natural disasters that commonly occurred in Malaysia as well as programs and initiatives developed by Malaysian government in order to promote and support a comprehensive sustainable construction in the Malaysian practice. It starts by explaining the natural disasters in Malaysia, then followed with the discussion about sustainability journey in the Eleventh Malaysia Plan, and lastly, discussion on CITP 2016–2020. From the review, the commonly occurred natural disasters in Malaysia are floods and landslides which impede the sustainable development in the country. Under the CITP blueprint which forms a part of the recent national plan, the government has shifted its standard, conventional, and costly approach of “grow first, clean-up later” into a greener course of “green growth” to assure that most of the procured development projects are environmentally sustainable. Therefore, instead of making Malaysian construction industry as a world-recognized competitor with the quality, safety and professionalism; environmental sustainability; productivity; and internationalization as the primary thrusts, CITP 2016–2020 also helps to fully transform the construction industry into a modern, highly productive, and sustainable industry by the year 2020.

Keywords

Natural disaster Flood Landslide Sustainable construction Construction industry Malaysia 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to extend their sincere appreciation to the Malaysia Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) for providing the insight and expertise that greatly assisted the research.

References

  1. 1.
    Ainullotfi AA, Ibrahim AL, Masron T (2014) A study on integrated community based flood mitigation with remote sensing technique in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. In: 8th international symposium of the digital earth (ISDE8), 26–29 Aug 2013, Sarawak, Malaysia, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Akhir NM, Azman A, Hassan N, Akhir NH (2017) Kajian Penelitian Masalah Mangsa Bencana Banjir Disember 2014 di Kelantan. e-Bangi J Soc Sci Humanit 14(5):1–19Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bernama (2016) Teluk Bahang-Batu Ferringhi road closed due to landslide, road collapse, 7 Nov 2016. Retrieved from The Sun Daily. https://www.thesundaily.my/archive/2052092-GTARCH406608
  4. 4.
    Bohari AA, Xia B (2015) Green procurement framework for the Malaysian construction industry. The 7th International conference on sustainable Development in Building and Environment (SuDBE2015), 27–29 July 2015, Reading, UK, 1–8Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bohari AA, Skitmore M, Xia B, Teo M, Adham KN (2015) The path towards greening the Malaysian construction industry. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 52:1742–1748Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Center for Excellence in Disaster Management & Humanitarian Assistance (CFE-DMHA) (2016) Malaysia: disaster management reference handbook 2016. United States of AmericaGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) (2019) 2018: extreme weather events affected 60 million people. United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), GenevaGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chan NW (1998) Responding to landslide hazards in rapidly developing Malaysia: a case of economics versus environmental protection. Disaster Prev Manag Int J 7(1):14–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cheng N (2015) Downpour causes chaos in Klang Valley, 1 Nov 2015. Retrieved from The Star Online: https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2015/11/01/klang-valley-flash-floods-kesas/
  10. 10.
    Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) (2015) Construction industry transformation programme 2016–2020: driving construction excellence together. Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) Malaysia, Kuala LumpurGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    CRED Em-Dat (Feb 2015) Internationally reported losses 1990–2014 EMDAT. Retrieved from the OFDA/CRED-International disaster database: http://www.preventionweb.net/countries/mys/data/
  12. 12.
    Economic Planning Unit (2015) Eleventh Malaysia plan 2016–2020: anchoring growth on people. Prime Minister’s Department, PutrajayaGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gupta S (2010) Synthesis report on ten ASEAN countries disaster risks assessment: ASEAN disaster risk management initiative. UNISDR, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Idris NH, Ismail Z, Hashim H (2015) Towards a framework for promoting sustainable construction in Malaysia. Jurnal Teknologi 76(1):303–311Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kazmi D, Qasim S, Harahap I, Baharom S, Imran M, Moin S (2016) A study on the contributing factors of major landslides in Malaysia. Civil Eng J 2(12):669–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
    Mohd MS, Alias B, Daud D (2006) GIS analysis for flood hazard mapping: case study; Segamat, Johor, West Malaysia. Seminar Nasional GIS 2006: geographic information system application for mitigation in natural disaster, 29 Nov 2006, Jakarta, Indonesia, pp 1–15Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Murakmi S, Nishigaya T, Tien TL, Sakai N, Lateh HH, Azizat N (2014) Development of historical landslide database in Peninsular Malaysia. In: 2nd international symposium on telecommunication technologies, 24–26 Nov 2014, Kedah, Malaysia, pp 149–153Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Nambiar P (2018). 3 dead, 12 missing after landslide at Penang construction site, 19 Oct 2018. Retrieved from FMT News. https://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2018/10/19/3-dead-12-missing-after-landslide-at-penang-construction-site/
  20. 20.
    Rahman HA, Mapjabil J (2017) Landslides disaster in Malaysia: an overview. Health Environ J 8(1):58–71Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ramli S (2019). Empat pihak bertanggungjawab atas kejadian tanah runtuh di Bukit Kukus, 13 Feb 2019. Retrieved from Utusan Online. http://www.utusan.com.my/berita/nasional/empat-pihak-bertanggungjawab-atas-kejadian-tanah-runtuh-di-bukit-kukus-1.840061
  22. 22.
    Ritchie, H, Roser M (2019) Natural disasters. Retrieved from Our World in Data. https://ourworldindata.org/natural-disasters
  23. 23.
    Saari MY, Ismail TH, Hassan A, Sidique SF, Shariff S (2017) Roadmap for system of environmental-economic accounting 2016. Department of Statistics, Kuala LumpurGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sekaran R, Chern LT (2018) Penang landslide: two more bodies recovered, death toll rises to six, 21 Oct. Retrieved from The Star Online. https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/10/21/penang-landslide-two-more-bodies-recovered-death-toll-rises-to-six/
  25. 25.
    Shaffii N (2017) Construction industry transformation programme 2016–2020. CIDB Malaysia, Kuala LumpurGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Shahrudin HS (2015) Heavy, continuous rain causes floods in some areas in Klang Valley, 2 Nov 2015. Retrieved from New Straits Times. http://www2.nst.com.my/news/2015/11/heavy-continuous-rain-causes-floods-some-areas-klang-valley
  27. 27.
    The Star Online (2015) Rain-triggered mudslide causes traffic jam on Kesas, 2 Nov 2015. Retrieved from The Star Online: https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2015/11/02/raintriggered-mudslide-causes-traffic-jam-on-kesas-x/
  28. 28.
    The Straits Times (2015) Landslide at Malaysia highway caused by overflow of water catchment area, 12 Nov 2015. Retrieved from The Straits Times. https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/landslide-at-malaysia-highway-caused-by-overflow-of-water-catchment-area
  29. 29.
    Trisha N (2018) Penang landslide: stern action against those who failed to follow SOP, says Jagdeep, 21 Oct 2018. Retrieved from The Star Online. https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/10/21/penang-landslide-stern-action-against-those-who-failed-to-follow-sop-says-jagdeep/
  30. 30.
    United Nations (16 May 2018) 2018 Revision of World Urbanization Prospects. Retrieved from UN DESA: https://www.un.org/development/desa/publications/2018-revision-of-world-urbanization-prospects.html
  31. 31.
    Wilson M (2012) By 2050, 70% of the world’s population will be urban. is that a good thing?, 3 Dec 2012. Retrieved from Fast Company: https://www.fastcompany.com/1669244/by-2050-70-of-the-worlds-population-will-be-urban-is-that-a-good-thing
  32. 32.
    Yusoff S, Aziz RA (2017) Bencana Alam dan Impak Banjir Besar 2014 Terhadap Komuniti Tempatan di Hulu Dungun, Terengganu: Satu Perspektif Sosiologi Bencana. School of Social Sciences, USM, PenangGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Yusoff S, Aziz RA, Yusoff NH (2018) Impak sosioekonomi bencana banjir 2014: Tindakan penyesuaian dan kesiapsiagaan lokal. GEOGRAFIA Online Malays J Soc Space 14(4):74–88Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Zurairi AR (2018) Climate-related natural disasters cost Malaysia RM8b in last 20 years, 12 Oct 2018. Retrieved from Malay Mail. https://www.malaymail.com/news/malaysia/2018/10/12/climate-related-natural-disasters-cost-malaysia-rm8b-in-last-20-years/1681977

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nurul U‘lyani Mohd Najib
    • 1
  • Farid Ezanee Mohamed Ghazali
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Civil EngineeringUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia

Personalised recommendations