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Determination of Watershed Characteristics Using GIS Technique (AL-Adhaim Watershed in Iraq)

  • Mohammed S. ShamkhiEmail author
  • Tabark J. Abdullah
  • Atyaf J. Mohson
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 53)

Abstract

The current research aims to investigate the relief, areal morphometric and linear characteristics of the basin of AL-Adhaim using GIS technique. This method is produced pertinent for the extraction of the basin stream and the drainage networks for basin. Advantageously, this technique saves time, effort and also improves the accuracy of the analysis of its drainage networks. The study depends on the analyses of the Digital Elevation Model of the Basin area taken from SRTM Satellite with a resolution of 3000 cm. Upon analyzing the results obtained from the morphometric analysis for streams, one can classify the basin as sixth stream order, and the watershed can be noted, with mean bifurcation ratio (4.43) which have an effect on runoff. Apart from this, the elongation proportion of the basin is 0.97 that in turn demonstrates that the study area is circularly elongated. Additionally, the drainage texture of the AI-Adhaim watershed is 2.33 which implies that coarse texture. Therefore, the present investigate can prove to be very helpful in planning the management and watershed and other hydrological investigates in the future.

Keywords

AL-Adhaim ArcGIS Digital elevation model (DEM) Watershed Morphometric characteristics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research group would like to thank Global Edico office for its professional assistance in language and grammar editing.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammed S. Shamkhi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tabark J. Abdullah
    • 1
  • Atyaf J. Mohson
    • 1
  1. 1.Civil Engineering DepartmentEngineering College, Wasit UniversityWasitIraq

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