Advertisement

Reducing Entitlements When Groundwater Has Been Over-Allocated: Policy Issues and Options

  • Stefanie Schulte
  • Gabriela Cuadrado Quesada
Chapter
  • 40 Downloads
Part of the Global Issues in Water Policy book series (GLOB, volume 24)

Abstract

Reducing entitlements when groundwater is over-allocated in Australia has evidenced both challenges and successes. This chapter examines policy pathways for reducing entitlements when groundwater has been over-allocated. It explores the definitional challenges that initially hampered progress within Australia’s federated structure, before examining attempts to reduce over-allocation and over-use across Australia’s numerous groundwater allocation plans and catchments. The chapter highlights the challenges that led to slower than expected progress in addressing over-allocation and over-use, as well as highlighting some of the policy pathways that have been pursued to attain sustainable levels of groundwater extraction.

Keywords

Groundwater management Reform Over-allocation Over-use Australia 

References

  1. Australian Government. (2014). Department of the Environment, Water Recovery Strategy for the Murray-Darling Basin.Google Scholar
  2. Australian Government. (2018a). Department of the Environment and Energy, Environmental water holdings. http://www.environment.gov.au/water/cewo/about/water-holdings
  3. Australian Government. (2018b). Queensland Upper Condamine Alluvium Groundwater Purchase Tender. http://www.agriculture.gov.au/water/markets/commonwealth-water-mdb/groundwater-purchase-tender
  4. Australian Government. (2018c). Queensland Upper Condamine Alluvium Groundwater Purchase Tender Outcomes. http://www.agriculture.gov.au/water/markets/commonwealth-water-mdb/groundwater-purchase-tender/groundwater-uca-tender-evaluations
  5. Basin Plan 2012 (Cth).Google Scholar
  6. Bunn, S. E. (2017). Environmental water reform. In B. Hart & J. Doolan (Eds.), Decision making in water resources policy and management: An Australian perspective (pp. 97–110). London: Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carmody, E. (2018). The unwinding of water reform in the Murray-Darling Basin: A cautionary tale for transboundary river systems. In C. Holley & D. Sinclair (Eds.), Reforming water law and governance (pp. 35–55). Singapore: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Climate Council of Australia. (2015). W Steffan: Thirsty country: Climate change and drought in Australia. https://www.climatecouncil.org.au/droughtreport2015.
  9. Connell, D., & Grafton, Q. (Eds.). (2011). Basin futures: Water reform in the Murray-Darling Basin. Canberra, Australia: ANU Press.Google Scholar
  10. CottonInfo. (n.d.). Fundamentals of energy use in water pumping. https://www.cottoninfo.com.au/sites/default/files/documents/Fundamentals%20EnergyFS_A_3a.pdf
  11. Council of Australian Governments (COAG). (1995). Agreement to implement the national competition policy and related reforms, Australian Government.Google Scholar
  12. Cuthbert, M. O., Gleeson, T., Moosdorf, N., Bfus, K. M., Schneider, A., Hartnmann, J., et al. (2019). Global patterns and dynamics of climate – groundwater interactions. Nature Climate Change, 9, 137–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Daniell, K. A. (2011). Enhancing collaborative management in the basin. In D. Connell & R. Q. Grafton (Eds.), Basin futures: Water reform in the Murray-Darling Basin (pp. 413–438). Canberra, Australia: ANU E-Press.Google Scholar
  14. GABCC. (2000). Great Artesian Basin strategic management plan. Canberra, Australia: Great Artesian Basin Consultative Council.Google Scholar
  15. Gunders, J. (2015). Lockyer Valley irrigators concerned about planned water reform, ABC News. https://www.abc.net.au/news/rural/2015-12-04/lockyer-valley-irrigators-concerned-water-reform/7002294
  16. Hamstead, M. (2009). Improving environmental sustainability in water planning. Waterlines report. Canberra, Australia: National Water Commission.Google Scholar
  17. Harrington, N., & Cook, P. (2014). Groundwater in Australia. Adelaide, Australia: National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training.Google Scholar
  18. Holley, C. (2016). National water reforms and pragmatism (Learning from Discretion, The relevance of Professor Charles Sabel’s experimental approach to Australian Public Administration, Canberra 18–19 February 2016).Google Scholar
  19. Holley, C., & Sinclair, D. (2013). Deliberative participation, environmental law and collaborative governance: Insights from surface and groundwater studies. Environmental and Planning Law Journal, 30, 32–55.Google Scholar
  20. Holley, C., Sinclair, D., Lopez-Gunn, E., & Schlager, E. (2016). Conjunctive management through collective action. In A. J. Jakeman, O. Barreteau, R. J. Hunt, J. D. Rinaudo, & A. Ross (Eds.), Integrated groundwater management (pp. 229–252). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. House of Representatives Standing Committee on Regional Australia. (2011). Of drought and flooding rains: Inquiry into the impact of the Guide to the Murray-Darling Basin Plan. https://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/House_of_Representatives_Committees?url=ra/murraydarling/report/chapter5.htm
  22. Howard, J. (2007). Transcript of the Prime Minister, the Hon John Howard MP address to the National Press Club (25 January 2007). http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/media/pressrel/K81M6/upload_binary/k81m68.pdf;fileType=application%2Fpdf#search=%22media/pressrel/K81M6%22
  23. Hunt, The Hon. Greg. (2015). The Hon Bob Baldwin MP, Coalition delivers election commitment with 1500GL water buyback cap. http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/hunt/2015/mr20150914.html
  24. Karkkainen, B. (2018). Multi-jurisdictional water governance in Australia: Muddle or model? In C. Holley & D. Sinclair (Eds.), Reforming Water Law and Governance (pp. 56–78). Singapore: Springer.Google Scholar
  25. Kuehne, G., Bjornlund, H. (2006). ‘Frustration, confusion and uncertainty – Qualitative responses from Namoi Valley irrigators’ Water, 33(3) 78–82 May 2006.Google Scholar
  26. Matthews, K. (2008). Addressing over-allocation of water entitlements CEDA water series, Thursday 21 February 2008.Google Scholar
  27. Muller, K. L. (2006, November 25–26). A partnership approach to environmental stewardship in Langhorne Creek, South Australia. Second National Wine Industry Environment Conference and Exhibition, South Australia. www.angasbremerwater.org.au/documents/WIEC%20Full%20paper.pdf. Accessed 28 Nov 2015.
  28. Murray-Darling Basin Authority. (2018). Groundwater. https://www.mdba.gov.au/basin-plan-roll-out/groundwater
  29. Murray-Darling Basin Authority. (2017). Basin plan amendments – Proposed changes to groundwater. https://www.mdba.gov.au/sites/default/files/pubs/773-BP-amendments-groundwater-snapshot-24%20Feb.pdf
  30. Murray-Darling Basin Authority. (n.d.). Climate variability and change. https://www.mdba.gov.au/basin-plan-roll-out/climate-change
  31. Murray-Darling Basin Ministerial Council. (2017). Implementing the basin plan. https://www.mdba.gov.au/sites/default/files/pubs/Report-by-Minco-implementing-the-Basin-Plan.pdf
  32. Murray-Darling Basin Ministerial Council. (2018). Murray-Darlin Basin compliance compact. https://www.mdba.gov.au/sites/default/files/Basin-Compliance-Compact-180702-D18-31184.pdf
  33. National Water Commission (NWC). (2014). Australia’s water blueprint: National reform assessment 2014, Canberra, Australia : National Water Commission (Australian Government)Google Scholar
  34. National Water Initiative (NWI). (2004). Intergovernmental agreement on a National Water Initiative. Canberra, Australia: Council of Australian Governments.Google Scholar
  35. Neave, I., McLeod, A., Raisin, G., & Swirepik, J. (2015). Managing water in the Murray-Darling Basin under a variable and changing climate. AWA Water Journal, 42(2), 102–107.Google Scholar
  36. NSW Department of Industry – Lands and Water. (2017). Groundwater WRP Discussion Paper – Groundwater Shares (31 October 2017).Google Scholar
  37. NSW Department of Industry – Lands and Water. (2018b). Water resource plans currently on public exhibition. https://www.industry.nsw.gov.au/water/plans-programs/water-resource-plans/drafts
  38. NSW Department of Industry – Lands and Water (NSWDI). (n.d.). Achieving sustainable groundwater entitlements program. http://www.water.nsw.gov.au/water-management/water-sharing/plans_commenced/achieving-sustainable-groundwater-entitlements-program
  39. NSW Department of Natural Resources (NSWDNR). (2005). Achieving sustainable groundwater entitlement program. http://www.water.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/548565/changes_draft_131205.pdf
  40. NSW Government. (2017). Securing our water – NSW Government water reform action plan. https://www.industry.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0016/136204/nsw-government-water-reform-action-plan.pdf
  41. NSW Government. (2018). NSW Department of Primary Industry, Water access licences. http://www.water.nsw.gov.au/water-licensing/about-licences/new-access-licences
  42. NSW Irrigators’ Council (NSWIC). (n.d.-a). Over-allocation or over-use? http://www.nswic.org.au/pdf/fact_sheets/Over-Allocation%20or%20Over%20Use.pdf
  43. NSW Irrigators’ Council (NSWIC). (n.d.-b). Achieving Sustainable Groundwater Entitlements (ASGE). http://www.nswic.org.au/pdf/fact_sheets/ASGE%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf
  44. NWC (National Water Commission). (2008). Update of progress in water reform. Appendix 1. In WGCCW (Working Group on Climate Change and Water), 2008 (Report to Council of Australian Governments, pp. 16–44), March 2008: Water.Google Scholar
  45. NWC (National Water Commission). (2009, September). Australian water reform 2009: Second biennial assessment of progress in implementation of the National Water Initiative, Canberra, Australia, ACT: National Water CommissionGoogle Scholar
  46. NWC (National Water Commission). (2011). The national water initiative – Securing Australia’s water future: 2011 assessment. Canberra, Australia: ACT: National Water Commission.Google Scholar
  47. NWC (National Water Commission). (2012, June). Assessing water stress in Australian catchments and aquifers. National Water Commission.Google Scholar
  48. NWC (National Water Commission). (2013). Water management and pathways to sustainable levels of extraction: Issues paper. NWC.Google Scholar
  49. Productivity Commission (PC). (2018). National water reform (Inquiry report).Google Scholar
  50. Qld Government. (2018). ‘Greater certainty and security for Lockyer Valley water users. http://statements.qld.gov.au/Statement/2018/11/5/greater-certainty-and-security-for-lockyer-valley-water-users
  51. Robertson, Hon. S. (2005). Moreton catchment water licence moratorium, media release. http://statements.qld.gov.au/Statement/Id/40041
  52. Tan, P. L., Bowmer, K., & Mackenzie, J. (2012). Deliberative tools for meeting the challenges of water planning in Australia. Journal of Hydrology, 474, 2–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Thomson, T. (2004, May 12). Learning together at Angas Bremer. Irrigation Association of Australia Conference, Adelaide. http://www.angasbremerwater.org.au/documents/Learning%20Together.pdf. Accessed 28 Nov 2017.
  54. Thomson, T. (2008). More water management innovations in the Angas Bremer district of south Australia. In M. Lambert et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the water down under. (Causal productions 2008) 1090–1101.Google Scholar
  55. Vincent, M. (2018). Walgett has two rivers but no water left to drink, ABC News. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-12-19/walgett-has-two-rivers-but-no-water-left-to-drink/10558428
  56. Wang, J. Q., Walker, G., & Horne A. (2018). Potential impacts of groundwater sustainable diversion limits and irrigation efficiency projects on river flow volume under the Murray-Darling Basin Plan. Melbourne School of Engineering Water, Agriculture and Environment Program.Google Scholar
  57. Water Act 1912 (NSW).Google Scholar
  58. Water Act 2007 (Cth).Google Scholar
  59. Water Management Act 2000 (NSW).Google Scholar
  60. Water Sharing Plan for the Lachlan Unregulated and Alluvial Water Sources 2012.Google Scholar
  61. Zulfic, D., & Barnett, S. R. (2007). Angas Bremer PWA – Groundwater status report (Report DWLBC 2007/27). Adelaide, Australia: Department of Water, Land and Biodiversity Conservation, Government of South Australia.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefanie Schulte
    • 1
  • Gabriela Cuadrado Quesada
    • 2
  1. 1.NSW Irrigators’ CouncilSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Integrated Water Systems and GovernanceIHE-Delft Institute for Water EducationDelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations