Circuits and Systems

  • Hassan RazaEmail author
Part of the NanoScience and Technology book series (NANO)


In this chapter, we discuss various circuits and systems based on the CMOS technology. While, it is simply not possible to cover the broad area of the circuits and systems related to nanoelectronics in a single chapter, we do discuss a few representative circuits and systems, in order to emphasize the key concepts.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Fundamental ResearchIslamabadPakistan

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