Low Power Area Network Sensors for Smart Parking

  • Aida Araujo FerreiraEmail author
  • Gilmar Gonçalves de Brito
  • Meuse Nogueira de Oliveira Junior
  • Gabriel Vanderlei
  • Samuel Simoes
  • Ian Karlo
  • Iona Maria Beltrao Rameh Barbosa
  • Ronaldo Ribeiro Barbosa de Aquino
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1069)


The Internet of Things consists of installing sensors for everything and connecting them to the Internet for information exchange for localization, tracking, monitoring and management. Smart parking is a typical IoT application that can provide many services to its users and parking owners. In order to create technological solutions for smart parking, an intelligent platform, known as Techpark, was designed. This platform consists of a web-based parking management system, an application for map view availability of parking lots, wireless sensor network controllers and car presence sensors. The car presence sensor was developed using Low Power Area Network technology with a SoC CC430 and an HMC5883L magnetometer. Results achieved by the sensor were promising, with a range of about 100 m, using radio frequency communication in the 900 MHz band, and with sensor life, using a battery with two 8.6 AH cells, estimated to be 8 years.


Low Power Area Network Smart parking Internet of Things Car presence sensor 



Authors thanks to IFPE and FACEPE.


  1. 1.
    Kim, T.-H., Ramos, C., Mohammed, S.: Smart city and IoT. Future Gener. Comput. Syst. 76, 159–162 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Faheem, Mahmud, S.A., Khan, G.M., Rahman, M., Zafar, H.: A survey of intelligent car parking system. J. Appl. Res. Technol. 11(5), 714–726 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Long, A.R.: Urban Parking as Economic Solution. Technical report (2013)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Khanna, A.: IoT based Smart Parking System, November 2017Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fraifer, M., Fernström, M.: Investigation of smart parking systems and their technologies. In: Thirty Seventh International Conference on Information Systems. IoT Smart City Challenges Applications (ISCA 2016), Dublin, Ireland, pp. 1–14 (2016)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bagula, A., Castelli, L., Zennaro, M.: On the design of smart parking networks in the smart cities: an optimal sensor placement model. Sensors 15(7), 15443–15467 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zanella, A., Bui, N., Castellani, A., Vangelista, L., Zorzi, M.: Internet of things for smart cities. IEEE Internet Things J. 1(1), 22–32 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li, X., Ranga, U.K.: Design and implementation of a digital parking lot management system. Technol. Interface J. (2009) Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jian, M.-S., Yang, K.S., Lee, C.-L.: Modular RFID parking management system based on existed gate system integration. WTOS 7(6), 706–716 (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pala, Z., Inanc, N.: Smart parking applications using RFID technology. In: 2007 1st Annual RFID Eurasia, pp. 1–3, September 2007Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kianpisheh, A., Mustaffa, N., Limtrairut, P., Keikhosrokiani, P.: Smart parking system (SPS) architecture using ultrasonic detector. Int. J. Softw. Eng. Appl. 6(3), 55–58 (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lee, S., Yoon, D., Ghosh, A.: Intelligent parking lot application using wireless sensor networks. In: 2008 International Symposium on Collaborative Technologies and Systems, pp. 48–57, May 2008Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yass, A.A., Yasin, N.M., Zaidan, B.B., Zeiden, A.A.: New design for intelligent parking system using the principles of management information system and image detection system. In: Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Computer Engineering and Applications (2009)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bong, D.B.L., Ting, K.C., Lai, K.C.: Integrated approach in the design of car park occupancy information system (COINS). IAENG Int. J. Comput. Sci. 35, 7–14 (2008)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Banerjee, S., Choudekar, P., Muju, M.K.: Real time car parking system using image processing. In: 2011 3rd International Conference on Electronics Computer Technology, vol. 2, pp. 99–103, April 2011Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tang, V.W.S., Zheng, Y., Cao, J.: An intelligent car park management system based on wireless sensor networks. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Pervasive Computing and Applications, August 2006Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Joseph, J., Patil, R.G., Narahari, S.K.K., Didagi, Y., Bapat, J., Das, D., et al.: Wireless sensor network based smart parking system. Sens. Transducers 162(1), 5–10 (2014)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Singh, M., Rajan, M.A., Shivraj, V.L., Balamuralidhar, P.: Secure MQTT for internet of things (IoT). In: 2015 Fifth International Conference on Communication Systems and Network Technologies, pp. 746–751. IEEE, April 2015Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Davies, J.H.: MSP430 Microcontroller Basics. Elsevier Science (2008)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    EM430F6147RF900 CC430 wireless development tool — Accessed 28 Dec 2018
  21. 21.
    Wikipedia contributors. MAC address, December 2018. Accessed 28 Dec 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aida Araujo Ferreira
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gilmar Gonçalves de Brito
    • 1
  • Meuse Nogueira de Oliveira Junior
    • 1
  • Gabriel Vanderlei
    • 1
  • Samuel Simoes
    • 1
  • Ian Karlo
    • 1
  • Iona Maria Beltrao Rameh Barbosa
    • 1
  • Ronaldo Ribeiro Barbosa de Aquino
    • 2
  1. 1.Federal Institute of PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of PernambucoRecifeBrazil

Personalised recommendations