AntiOD: A Smart City Initiative to Fight the Opioid Crisis

  • Claudia B. Rebola
  • Sebastian Ramirez LoaizaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1069)


In the United States the opioid epidemic is on the rise with over 70.000 deaths by overdose in the last 20 years. Naloxone, also known as Narcan, is an effective antidote that can be administered to people who are suffering an overdose. Currently, the public relies on Quick Response Teams, which are overly saturated with requests. The country and counties are facing a drug-abuse problem of epidemic proportions, where it is imperative for disciplines like design to bring about new methods to save lives. The purpose of this paper is to describe AntiOD, a smart community-access naloxone program that provides tools, training, and awareness to empower bystanders to rescue victims of overdose. The project proposing a two-part solution: (1) empowering the public to take action through communication, training, and outreach; and (2) providing the public with access to the means. The goal is to help alleviate quick responses teams and empower the community to become first responders.


Smart cities Opioid crisis Access design Social design 


  1. 1.
    Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Understanding the Epidemic. Accessed 14 Jun 2019
  2. 2.
    Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Drug Overdose Deaths. Accessed 14 Jun 2019
  3. 3.
    Muray, V.: Livestrong, The 10 Deadliest U.S. Cities for Drug Overdoses. Accessed 14 Jun 2019
  4. 4.
    City of Cincinnati, Heroin Overdose Responses. Accessed 14 Jun 2019
  5. 5.
    Adapt Pharma, What is Narcan® (Naloxone) Nasal Spray. Accessed 14 Jun 2019
  6. 6.
    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Surgeon General’s Advisory on Naloxone and Opioid Overdose. Accessed 14 Jun 2019
  7. 7.
    Ohio Department of Health, Project DAWN (Deaths Avoided With Naloxone). Accessed 14 Jun 2019
  8. 8.
    State of Ohio Board of Pharmacy, Ohio Pharmacies Dispensing Naloxone Without a Prescription. Accessed 14 Jun 2019
  9. 9.
    DeMio, T.: The enquirer, Surgeon general says get naloxone. That’s easy. Here’s what to do, 05 Apr 2009Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Capraro, G.C., Rebola, C.B.: The NaloxBox program in Rhode Island: a model for community-access Naloxone. Am. J. Public Health 108(12), 1649–1651 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ohio Department of Health, New Strategies to Fight Opiate and Fentanyl 2016-17Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    State of Ohio, Start Talking! Building a Drug-Free Future. Accessed 14 Jun 2019

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

Personalised recommendations