Road Boundary Detection Using Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm
A common problem for autonomous vehicles is to define a coherent round boundary of unstructured roads. To solve this problem an evolutionary approach has been evaluated, by using a modified ant optimization algorithm to define a coherent road edge along the unstructured road in night conditions. The work presented in this paper involved pre-processing, perfecting the edges in an autonomous fashion and developing an algorithm to find the best candidates of starting positions for the ant colonies. All together these efforts enable ant colony optimization (ACO) to perform successfully in this application scenario. The experiment results show that the best paths well followed the edges and that the mid-points between the paths stayed centered on the road.
KeywordsAnt colony optimization Lane detection Autonomous vehicles
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