Growth Patterns at Different Sites and Forest Management Systems

  • Carolina Braga BrandaniEmail author
  • Felipe Martini Santos
  • Ivanka Rosado de Oliveira
  • Bruno Bordon
  • Maurel Bheling
  • Eduardo Vinicius Silva
  • José Leonardo de Moraes Gonçalves


The introduction of N2-fixing species in fast-growing eucalypt plantations is a strategy where eucalypt growth is limited by N availability. The objective of this chapter is to gather some results obtained in the last decade regarding above- and belowground mixed forests of Eucalyptus and Acacia mangium growth in Brazil and to give insights into the main drivers influencing their development, as well as soil and climatic conditions, silvicultural management, and species interactions. Elevated temperature and humidity are ideal for the aboveground biomass production. Nitrogen fixed by A. mangium contributes to the superior performance of the mixed-stand rotation when compared to eucalypt monoculture, avoiding the use of mineral N. Arrangements and spacing (design of planting) between trees and interactions as competition and facilitation processes have strong influence on the development. Canopy stratification may increase light interception and make them more productive than monocultures. They may also exploit soil site resources more completely through the development of fine root systems. Mixed plantations can also result in long-term sustainability, such as increasing soil C sequestration and soil N concentrations, favoring the dynamics of nutrient cycling, and protecting against pests and diseases, as well as diversifying of timber and non-timber forest products.


Eucalyptus spp. Acacia spp. Mixed plantations N2-fixing species Species interactions 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Braga Brandani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Felipe Martini Santos
    • 2
  • Ivanka Rosado de Oliveira
    • 3
  • Bruno Bordon
    • 3
  • Maurel Bheling
    • 4
  • Eduardo Vinicius Silva
    • 2
  • José Leonardo de Moraes Gonçalves
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences - Animal and Range SciencesNew Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesUSA
  2. 2.Federal Rural University of Rio de JaneiroSeropédicaBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Forest SciencesUniversity of São Paulo, “Luiz de Queiroz” College of AgriculturePiracicabaBrazil
  4. 4.Embrapa Agrosilvopastoral, Brazilian Agricultural Research CorporationSinopBrazil

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