Credit Analysis and Credit Management

  • Terence M. Yhip
  • Bijan M. D. Alagheband


This introductory chapter outlines the processes of originating credit and managing credit. Credit origination involves loan underwriting, assessing the creditworthiness of a borrower, determining a borrower risk rating (BRR), and structuring the loan. Credit administration involves monitoring credit quality, covenants, and loan documentation, and taking actions to avoid loan loss. The chapter introduces the two-dimensional risk-rating system that separates the BRR from the facility risk rating, though they jointly determine the expected loss on a loan. The chapter reviews the traditional “Five Cs” method of credit analysis and its derivative, the criteria-based methodology to assign a BRR. Because a credit rating is essential to lending, loan pricing, and capitalisation, the chapter highlights the adverse effects on risk rating due to information asymmetry.


Credit origination Credit management Two-dimensional rating system Borrower risk rating Facility risk rating Information asymmetry 

Supplementary material

485627_1_En_1_MOESM1_ESM.pptx (389 kb)
Credit analysis and the lending process(2) (PPTX 389 kb)

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terence M. Yhip
    • 1
  • Bijan M. D. Alagheband
    • 2
  1. 1.University of the West IndiesMississaugaCanada
  2. 2.McMaster University and Hydro One Networks Inc.TorontoCanada

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