The Design of Rapid Transit Networks
- 50 Downloads
Metros and other rapid transit systems increase the mobility of urban populations while decreasing congestion and pollution. There are now over 210 cities with a metro system in the world. The design of a rapid transit system is a hard problem involving several players, multiple objectives, sizeable costs and a high level of uncertainty. Operational research techniques cannot fully solve the problem, but they can generate alternative solutions among which the decision makers can choose, and they can be employed to solve some specific subproblems. The scientific literature on rapid transit location planning has grown at a fast rate over the past 25 years. This chapter provides an account of some of the most important results. It first describes the main objectives and indices used in the assessment of rapid transit systems. It then reviews the main models and algorithms used to design such systems. The cases of a single alignment and of a full network are treated separately. Then follows a section on the location of stations on an already existing network.
KeywordsMetro Rapid transit Network design Modal competition Stations Location
This work was partially supported by the Canadian Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council under grant 2015-06189, and by project MTM2015-67706-P (MINECO/FEDER, UE).
- D’Lima M, Medda F (2015) A new measure of resilience: an application to the London Underground. Transport Res A Pol 81:35–46Google Scholar
- IEEE—Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (1990) IEEE standard computer dictionary: a compilation of IEEE standard computer glossariesGoogle Scholar
- Kermanshani S, Shafahi Y, Mollanejad M, Zangui M (2010) Rapid transit network design using simulated annealing. In: 12th WCTR, pp 1–15Google Scholar
- Laporte G, Marín Á, Mesa JA, Ortega FA (2007) An integrated methodology for the rapid transit network design problem. In: Geraets F, Kroon L, Schöbel A, Wagner D, Zaroliagis CD (eds) Algorithmic methods for railway optimization (Proceedings of ATMOS 2004). LNCS 4359, pp. 187–199Google Scholar
- Laporte G, Mesa JA, Perea F (2010) A game theoretic framework for the robust railway transit network design problem. Transp Res C Emerg Technol 44:447–459Google Scholar
- Metro de Granada (2013) http://www.urbanrail.net/eu/es/granada/granada.htm. Accessed 28 Apr 2019
- Musso A, Vuchic VR (1988) Characteristics of metro network and methodology for their evaluation. Transport Res Rec 1162:22–33Google Scholar
- Sen P, Dasgupta S, Chatterjee A, Sreeran PA, Mukherjee G, Manna SS (2002) Small-world properties of the Indian railway network. arXiv:cond-math/0208535v2 [cond-mat.soft], 31 December 2002Google Scholar
- Sociedad del Metro de Sevilla SA (2001) Proyecto general básico de la red de metro de Sevilla y programacón de fases (in Spanish). UTE Iberinsa and GhesaGoogle Scholar
- UITP (International Association of Public Transports) (2011) Metro service performance indicators. http://www.uitp.org/publications/corebriefs.cfm
- Vuchic VR (2005) Urban transit operations, planning and economics. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar