Mode of Occurrence and Composition of Impact-Generated and Impact-Modified Formations

  • Victor L. MasaitisEmail author
  • Mikhail S. Mashchak
  • Mikhail V. Naumov
  • Tatjana V. Selivanovskaya
Part of the Impact Studies book series (IMPACTSTUD)


Interior structure of the Puchezh-Katunki astrobleme and composition and distribution of impact-transformed and impact-generated formations are described based on data obtained from extensive drilling and geophysical surveys. Three main morphostructural elements are distinguished: (1) outer ring terrace (outer ring terrace) of 15–30 km wide complicated by narrow and shallow radial trough and overlain by a thin blanket variegated allogenic breccia; (2) annular trough with an outer diameter of 40–42 km and depth ca. 1.9–1.6 km, filled with various allochtonous impact-derived rock units (mainly allogenic breccias after sedimentary rocks) overlain by crater lake deposits and more recent sediments; (3) central uplift of 8–10 km in diameter and up to 2 km high with a central pit up to 0.5 km deep. The latter is composed of blocks of both crystalline basement and sedimentary rocks; it stand out sharply by strong gravity and magnetic highs.


  1. Bates RL, Jackson JA (1987) Glossary of geology, 3rd edn. American Geosciences Institute, Virginia, p 788Google Scholar
  2. Blom GI (1960) On age of the conglomerate-clay sequence of Kerzhenets, Linda, Vedomost’, and Serga rivers basins (in Russian). Sov Geol 4:118–120Google Scholar
  3. Bogorodskaya OA, Tumanov RR (1980) Geological map of the USSR on 1:200,000 scale. Sheet O-38-XXVI: explanatory notes. Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. Chao ECT, Xie XD (1990) Mineralogical approaches to geological investigations. Science Press, Beijing, p 388Google Scholar
  5. Feldman VI, Sazonova LV, Nosova AA (1984) Geological structure and petrography of impactites of the Puchezh-Katunki astrobleme (Volga Region). Bull Mosc Soc Nat Res Sect Geol 6:53–63 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Masaitis VL (2005) Morphological, structural and lithological records of terrestrial impacts: an overview. Aust J Earth Sci 52:509–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Masaitis VL (2013) Impact diamonds of the Popigai astrobleme: main properties and practical use. Geol Ore Depos 55(8):607–612CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Masaitis VL (ed) (2019) Popigai impact structure and its diamond-bearing rocks. In: Impact studies. Springer, 205pp, Scholar
  9. Masaitis VL, Naumov MV (1990) Structural observations in the west slope of the Puchezh-Katunki astrobleme (abs.). In: Abstracts for 21st all-union meteoritic conference. Moscow, pp 135–136 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  10. Masaitis VL, Pevzner LA (eds) (1999) Deep drilling in the Puchezh-Katunki impact structure. VSEGEI Press, St. Petersburg, p 392 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Masaitis VL, Danilin AN, Mashchak MS, Raikhlin AI, Selivanovskaya TV, Shadenkov EM (1980) Geology of astroblemes. Nedra Press, Leningrad, p 231 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. Masaitis VL, Mashchak MS, Naumov MV Selivanovskaya TV, Orlova JV (1995) The Puchezh-Katunki impact crater: main features of geological structure (in Russian) Trans Dokl Russ Acad Sci 342:358–360Google Scholar
  13. Masaitis VL, Mashchak MS, Raikhlin AI, Selivanovskaya TV, Shafranovsky GI (1998) Diamond-bearing impactites of the Popigai astrobleme. VSEGEI Press, St. Petersburg, p 178 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. Masaitis VL, Petrov OV, Naumov MV (2018) Impact lithologies—a key for reconstruction of rock-forming processes and a geological model of the Popigai crater, northern Siberia. Aust J Earth Sci. Scholar
  15. Murawsky H (1977) Geologisches Wörterbuch. F. Enke Pub., Stuttgart, p 280Google Scholar
  16. Naumov MV (2002) Impact-generated hydrothermal systems: data from Popigai, Kara, and Puchezh-Katunki impact structures. In: Plado J, Pesonen LJ (eds) Meteorite impact structures in precambrian shields. Impact studies, vol 2, Springer, Berlin, pp 117–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Palme H (1982) Identification of projectiles of large terrestrial impact craters and some implications for the interpretation of Ir-rich cretaceous/tertiary boundary layers. In: Silver LT, Schultz PH (eds) Geological implications of impacts of large asteroids and comets on the earth. Geological Society of America. Special Paper 190, pp 223–233Google Scholar
  18. Schmidt G, El Goresy A, Palme H (2018). Extraterrestrial platinum group elements in impactites and misleading Cr/Ni, Ni/Co and Cr/Co element ratios for projectile identification (abs.). In: 81st annual meeting of the meteoritical society. LPI Contrib. No. 2067, #6073, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  19. Selivanovskaya TV (1987) Crystallization fractionation of impact melts. Meteoritika 46:128–135 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  20. Selivanovskaya TV (1992) Impactites of Puchezh-Katunki astrobleme (abs.). In: Abstracts for 16th Vernadsky-Brown Microsymposium. Vernadsky Institute, Moscow, pp 75–76Google Scholar
  21. Selivanovskaya TV, Mashchak MS, Masaitis VL (1990) Impact breccias and impactites of Kara and Ust-Kara astroblemes. In; Masaitis VL (ed) Impact craters on Mesozoic-Cenozoic boundary. Nauka Press, Leningrad, pp 55–96Google Scholar
  22. Shafranovsky GI (2019) Impact diamonds from shocked crystalline rocks and impactites. In: Masaitis VL (ed) Popigai impact structure and its diamond-bearing rocks. Impact studies. Springer, pp 137–156Google Scholar
  23. Taylor SR, McLennan SM (1985) The continental crust, its composition and evolution. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, p 312Google Scholar
  24. Tikhomirova GA (1967) Map of anomalous magnetic field of the USSR of 1:200,000 scale. Sheets O-38-XXVI, XXVII, XXXII, XXXIII. VSEGEI, Leningrad (in Russian)Google Scholar
  25. Tumanov RR, Bogorodskaya OA (1975) Geological map of the USSR on 1:200,000 scale. Sheet O-38-XXVI. VSEGEI, Leningrad (in Russian)Google Scholar
  26. Yushko NA, Kremenetsky AA, Vorontsov AK (1998) Geochemical features of shock metamorphic process: evidences from impact melt rocks (based on results of deep drilling in the Puchezh-Katunki astrobleme). Geochlimija 7:656–667 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  27. Zander VN, Tomashunas YuI, Berkovsky AN, Suvorova LV, Dedeev VA, Kratz KO (1967) Geological structure of the basement of Russian platform. Nedra Press, Moscow, p 124 (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor L. Masaitis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mikhail S. Mashchak
    • 1
  • Mikhail V. Naumov
    • 1
  • Tatjana V. Selivanovskaya
    • 1
  1. 1.A.P. Karpinsky Russian Geological Research InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations